Federal Holidays and How They Are Paid
The Federal Government provides employees with 11 paid holidays each year. Private sector employers may provide these holidays off with pay, holidays off without pay, or holiday pay for working on a holiday, but they are not when is the next major holiday required to offer any of these options. It depends on the employer's company policy regarding holidays.
Review a list of federal holidays, dates each holiday will be observed in 2021 and 2022, information on holiday time off and compensation, extra holiday days off from work, and when you may have to work on a designated holiday.
List of Federal Holidays
- New Year's Day (January 1)
- Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. (Third Monday in January)
- Washington's Birthday (Third Monday in February)
- Memorial Day (Last Monday in May)
- Juneteenth National Independence Day (June 19)
- Independence Day (July 4)
- Labor Day (First Monday in September)
- Columbus Day (also observed as Indigenous Peoples Day) (Second Monday in October)
- Veterans Day (November 11)
- Thanksgiving Day (Fourth Thursday in November)
- Christmas Day (December 25)
Some states and employers recognize Juneteenth, which celebrates the end of slavery in the U.S., as a paid holiday. Congress has passed legislation making Juneteenth a federal holiday. Juneteenth is celebrated on June 19th, and federal employees will observe the holiday on Friday, June 18th this year.
In addition, Inauguration Day is a paid federal holiday every four years. It is celebrated on January 20th or the 21st if the 20th is a Sunday.
Independence Day is typically called the “4th of July.” Washington's birthday is designated as such, even though the holiday is commonly known as Presidents Day.
Dates of Federal Holidays for 2021
Here's a list of the dates federal holidays are observed in 2021.
- New Year’s Day – Friday, January 1
- Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr. - Monday, January 18
- Inauguration Day - Wednesday, January 20
- Washington’s Birthday - Monday, February 15
- Memorial Day - Monday, May 31
- Juneteenth - Friday, June 18
- Independence Day - Monday, July 5
- Labor Day - Monday, September 6
- "Columbus Day" - Monday, October 11 (also observed as Indigenous Peoples Day)
- Veterans Day - Thursday, November 11
- Thanksgiving Day - Thursday, November 25
- Christmas Day - Friday, December 24
Dates of Federal Holidays for 2022
Here's a list of the dates federal holidays are observed in 2022.
- New Years Day – Friday, December 31
- Martin Luther King Jr. Day - Monday, January 17
- Washington's Birthday - Monday, February 21
- Memorial Day - Monday, May 30
- Juneteenth - Monday, June 20
- Independence Day - Monday, July 4
- Labor Day - Monday, September 5
- Columbus Day - Monday, October 10 "Columbus Day" (also observed as Indigenous Peoples Day)
- Veterans Day - Friday, November 11
- Thanksgiving - Thursday, November 24
- Christmas Day - Monday, December 26
Observation Days on a Weekend
Federal law establishes these public holidays for Federal employees. When a holiday falls on a weekend, the holiday usually is observed on Monday (if the holiday falls on Sunday) or Friday (if the holiday falls on Saturday).
State and local laws may have different guidelines, so check with the Department of Labor in your location for information on holiday leave and pay requirements.
Private Sector Holidays
Private companies are not required to close for holidays, or to pay overtime or holiday pay to their employees for working on a holiday. Even if they do close, they are not legally required to compensate workers with paid time off (PTO). However, companies may have policies that provide for holiday pay or paid time off.
In a 2016 survey, the Society for Human Resources Management (SHRM) ascertained that, of those companies that anticipated offering paid holidays in 2017, the majority intended to observe seven specific federal holidays: New Year’s Day (90%), Memorial Day (93%), the day before Independence Day (13%), Independence Day (93%), Labor Day (94%), Thanksgiving (97%), and Christmas (95%). A smaller percentage of businesses also planned to offer paid time off for Martin Luther King Jr.’s birthday (39%), Presidents Day (34%), "Columbus Day" (also observed as Indigenous Peoples Day) (14%), and Veterans Day (19%).
On average, private companies offered paid holidays for nine of these 11 federal holidays.
How Will You Know What Holidays You're Entitled Www chase bank login com
If the company doesn't explain their holiday policy during an interview, it is important to ask when you get a job offer.
Become familiar with the company's policy on holidays so you know your holiday benefits before you accept the job and sign the employment contract, rather than after the fact.
You don't want to be surprised when a holiday rolls around and you're asked to work.
Extra Days Off
The 2017 Paid Leave in the Workplace survey from the International Foundation of Employee Benefits reports that some employers provide additional holiday days off including Christmas Eve (45%) and New Year’s Eve (23%). Thirteen percent of employers surveyed closed their offices and provided a week of paid holiday leave between Christmas and New Year’s. Forty-eight percent of employers offered a floating holiday day to employees, typically one or two days a year.
Employment Status and PTO
Sometimes your work status determines whether you will be eligible for paid holidays by a private company. Full-time workers and/or workers with seniority are more likely to be allowed paid holidays than part-time employees. Levels of seniority may also determine how many paid holidays your employer is willing to give you each year.
Check with the Human Resources department for a list of paid (or unpaid) holidays at your company. Ideally, these should be clearly explained in an official employee handbook.
The reason that holiday pay and time off isn't mandated is because the 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (also called the “Wage and Hour Bill”) does not require payment for time not worked, such as vacations or holidays.
Holiday benefits are generally an arrangement between an employer and an employee, as part of company policy, or as a negotiated agreement between the company and the employee's representative, e.g., a union or other collective bargaining unit.
Will You Be Asked to Work?
Some workers are more likely than others to be asked to work on a federal holiday, including shift workers, emergency personnel, and those in the healthcare, retail, and service industries.
Although there are no legally mandated holidays, paid or otherwise, for these and other non-federal workers, employees who have to work because their industry doesn't stop for holidays often have resources at their disposal.
For instance, many hospitals have policies that require medical staff to work either Christmas or Thanksgiving, but not both.
Furthermore, some organizations will offer holiday pay (time and a half, a bonus, or some other incentive/reward), even though they're not required to do so. Bottom line: to find out where you stand in terms of holidays, you'll need to talk to Human Resources or your manager.
Don't be shy. It's perfectly reasonable to want to know when you'll be expected to be at work so that you can make your own plans or coverage requests.
U.S. Federal Holidays 2021: Full List and Calendar As Americans Get Extra Day of Holiday
2020 might have been a miserable year for many of us, but there is one small ray of light in 2021—one extra federal holiday!
A federal holiday is a date recognized by the federal government as a holiday. On these days, non-essential federal government offices close and stock market trading is usually suspended. Federal government employees are usually paid for the holiday, though this can be affected by government shutdowns as furloughed workers do not receive pay on holidays.
The history of federal holidays
Federal holidays were first created by Congress in 1870 for federal employees in Washington D.C. and were expanded to cover all federal employees 15 years later in 1885.
The four original holidays established were New Year's Day on January 1, Independence Day on July 4, Christmas Day on December 25 and Thanksgiving Day on the last Thursday of November.
George Washington's Birthday, now commonly known when is the next major holiday Presidents' Day, was made a federal holiday in 1879 but is oddly never held on his actual birthday. The father of the nation and first president was born on February 22, 1732. The federal holiday was moved from this fixed date in 1968 to become a floating holiday like Thanksgiving and observed on the third Monday in February. This will always fall between February 15-21, meaning it can never actually be held on the date of Washington's birth.
Memorial Day, a day commemorating the nation's war dead, became a holiday in 1888. Originally known as Decoration Day, this is also a floating holiday that is observed on the last Monday in May.
Labor Day was made a federal holiday in 1894 to honor American workers. The holiday is held on the first Monday in September.
Veterans Day, honoring all veterans of the U.S. armed forces, was first established as Armistice Day in 1938. It is always held on November 11 as it was on that date 20 years earlier that World War 1 had officially ended and an armistice was signed between the Allies and Germany.
Columbus Day was made a federal holiday in 1968 to honor the Italian explorer whose expeditions were the first European contact with much of the Americas. The floating holiday is observed on the second Monday in October.
The most recent federal holiday to be created was Martin Set up a fedex small business account King Jr. Day in 1983. Honoring the birthday of the civil rights leader, this holiday is similar to Washington's Birthday in that it is not actually held on the date the Baptist minister was born. MLK was born on January 15, 1929, but the floating holiday is instead held on the third Monday of January.
Why there is an extra day of holiday in 2021
There are 10 federal holidays every year, but in 2021 a federal holiday will be celebrated twice on two when is the next major holiday days. The reason—2021 is a rather unusual year in that many of the annual U.S. federal holiday dates fall on weekends, and thus the actual federal holiday has been shifted.
For example, July 4 falls on a Sunday in 2021 and so the Independence Day federal holiday will instead be on the following day, Monday July 5.
In the case of Christmas Day and New Year's Day, because they both fall on a Saturday, the federal holidays will instead be moved back one day to the preceding Friday. That means the Christmas Day federal holiday will in fact be on Christmas Eve and the New Year's Day federal holiday, when is the next major holiday should have been on the first day of 2022, has been moved to the last day of 2021. This is why 2021 will have 11 federal holidays rather than the usual 10.
In addition, some federal employees will receive a 12th federal holiday in 2021, as Inauguration Day is also a federal holiday for those in the "Inauguration Day area." On January 20, when Joe Biden is due to be sworn in as the 46th president of the United States, it will also be a holiday for federal employees who work in the District of Columbia, Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland, Arlington and Fairfax Counties in Virginia and the cities of Alexandria and Falls Church in Virginia.
Below is the list of U.S. Federal Holidays in 2021.
|Friday, January 1||New Year's Day|
|Monday, January 18||Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr.|
|Wednesday, January 20||Inauguration Day (for federal employees in the inauguration area)|
|Monday, February 15||Washington's Birthday (Presidents' Day)|
|Monday, May 31||Memorial Day|
|Monday, July 5||Independence Day|
|Monday, September 6||Labor Day|
|Monday, October 11||Columbus Day|
|Thursday, November 11||Veterans Day|
|Thursday, November 25||Thanksgiving Day|
|Friday, December 24||Christmas Day|
|Friday, December 31||New Year's Day|
Will we ever get an official 11th federal holiday?
A number of days have been proposed as federal holidays over the years, though none have been successful. Some of the most notable candidates are:
A holiday honoring the emancipation of when is the next major holiday peoples in America on June 19, 1865, the date is celebrated by millions across the U.S. every year.
In the wake of the Black Lives Matter protests over the police killing of George Floyd, there were renewed calls in some quarters for Juneteenth to be made a federal holiday. Sen. John Cornyn (R-TX) filed a bill when is the next major holiday make it happen in June, but it was blocked by fellow GOP Sen. Ron Johnson of Wisconsin who said "I object to the.bill that hardworking taxpayers would have to foot in an era where we are $26.5 trillion in debt."
Native Americans' Day
Observed in some states such as California, there have been numerous petitions to have a national day honoring indigenous peoples to be held on a floating day in September, but no bills introduced to Congress have been successful.
There have been numerous attempts to Election Day, always on the Tuesday after the first Monday of November, to be made into a federal holiday in order to boost voter turnout when elections are held. The date is already a public holiday in some states including Illinois, Louisiana, New Jersey, New York and Virginia. A bill to make the date a legal public holiday on every even-numbered year was reintroduced by Sen. Bernie Sanders in 2018, but was not enacted.
"We should be making it easier for people to vote, not harder. And I think on Election Day we should have a national holiday which says, 'you don't have to rush to vote.' People literally cannot get to the polling booth because it may close at 7 o'clock and they're working later. Let us make it as easy as we can," Sanders told CBS News at the time.
History of Labor Day
Observed the first Monday in September, Labor Day is an annual celebration of the social and economic achievements of American workers. The holiday is rooted in the late nineteenth century, when labor activists pushed for a federal holiday to recognize the many contributions workers have made to America’s strength, prosperity, and well-being.
Before it was a federal holiday, Labor Day was recognized by labor activists and individual states. After municipal ordinances were passed in 1885 and 1886, a movement developed to secure state legislation. New York was the first state to introduce a bill, but Oregon was the first to pass a law recognizing Labor Day, on February 21, 1887. During 1887, four more states – Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey and New York – passed laws creating a Labor Day holiday. By the end of the decade Connecticut, Nebraska and Pennsylvania had followed suit. By 1894, 23 more states had adopted the holiday, and on June 28, 1894, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday.
McGuire v. Maguire: Who Founded Labor Day?
Who first proposed the holiday for workers? It’s not entirely clear, but two workers can make a solid claim to the Founder of Labor Day title.
Some records show that in 1882, Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, suggested setting aside a day for a "general holiday for the laboring classes" to honor those "who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold."
But Peter McGuire's place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged. Many believe that machinist Matthew Maguire, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday.
Recent research seems to support the contention that When is the next major holiday Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson, New Jersey, proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York.
According to the New Jersey Historical Society, after President Cleveland signed the law creating a national Labor Day, the Paterson Morning Call published an opinion piece stating that "the souvenir pen should go to Alderman Matthew Maguire of this city, who is the undisputed author of Labor Day as a holiday." Both Maguire and McGuire attended the country’s first Labor Day parade in New York City that year.
The First Labor Day
The first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans when is the next major holiday the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, 1883.
By 1894, 23 more states had adopted the holiday, and on June 28, 1894, President Grover Cleveland signed a law making the first When is the next major holiday in September of each year a national holiday.
A Nationwide Holiday
Many Americans celebrate Labor Day with parades, picnics and parties – festivities very similar to those outlined by the first proposal for a holiday, which suggested that the day should be observed with – a street parade to exhibit "the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations" of the community, followed by a festival for the recreation and amusement of the workers and their families. This became the pattern for the celebrations of Labor Day.
Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the economic and civic significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the labor movement.
American labor has raised the nation’s standard of living and contributed to the greatest production the world has ever known and the labor movement has brought us closer to the realization of our traditional ideals of economic and political democracy. It is appropriate, therefore, that when is the next major holiday nation pays tribute on Labor Day to the creator of so much of the nation's strength, freedom, and leadership – the American worker.
2021 Federal Holidays and Research Room Closings
National Archives research rooms are closed or close early on the days listed below. Normal hours will resume the following business day. You can access some NARA holdings online.
See our nationwide network of facilities to check research room hours at each location.
The Museum at the National Archives Building in Washington, DC, is open every day except Thanksgiving Day and Christmas Day.
Friday, January 1
New Year’s Day
Monday, January 18
Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Wednesday, January 20
Monday, February 15
Monday, May 31
Monday, July 5
Independence Day Observed
Monday, September 6
Monday, October 11
Thursday, November 11
Thursday, November 25
Friday, December 24
Christmas Day Observed
* This holiday is designated as "Washington's Birthday." Though other institutions such as state and local governments and private businesses may use other names, it is Federal policy to always refer to holidays by the names designated in the law.
**In-Service Day devoted to staff training and project work for the agency in our Research Facilities. If you have questions or concerns about this closure, please contact a Research Room supervisor.
The Holidays to be observed by the State of Connecticut in 2021 are as follows:
New Year's Day – Friday, January 1, 2021
Martin Luther King, Jr. Day – Monday, January 18, 2021
Lincoln's Birthday – Friday, February 12, 2021
Washington's Birthday – Monday, February 15, 2021
Good Friday – Friday, April 2, 2021
Memorial Day – Monday, May 31, 2021
Independence Day – Monday, July 5, 2021
Labor Day – Monday, September 6, 2021
Columbus Day – Monday, October 11, 2021
Veterans' Day – Thursday, November 11, 2021
Thanksgiving Day – Thursday, November 25, 2021
Christmas Day – Friday, December 24, 2021
The first Holiday (New Year's) for 2022 falls on Friday, December 31, 2021.
More about Federal Holidays
In addition to the eleven annual federal holidays, Inauguration Day is a twelfth holiday designated by Congress for observance every four years on January 20 following a U.S. presidential election. It is only observed by government employees in Washington D.C. and the border counties of Maryland and Virginia.
Though not technically accurate, U.S. federal holidays are often referred to as "public holidays" or "legal holidays" because of their wide spread observance. Bank holidays are usually the same as federal holidays since most banks follow the holiday calendar of the U.S. Federal Reserve.
Redcort Software Inc. assumes no liability and makes no warranties on or for the information contained on these pages. The information presented is intended for reference only and is neither tax nor legal advice. Consult a professional tax, legal or other advisor to verify this information and determine if and/or how it may apply to your particular situation. The U.S. Office of Personnel Management has additional information and federal holiday dates for years not listed above.
Some Federal Holidays repeatedly fall on the same date every year, while others fall on the same day of bmo harris bank credit card payment online week every year.
|New Year's Day||January 1|
|Inauguration Day||January 20*|
|Martin Luther King, Jr. Day||Third Monday in January|
|George Washington’s Birthday||Third Monday in February|
|Memorial Day||Last Monday in May|
|Independence Day||July 4|
|Labor Day||First Monday in September|
|Columbus Day||Second Monday in October|
|Veterans Day||November 11|
|Thanksgiving Day||4th Thursday in November|
|Christmas Day||December 25|