are the keys open

In the Open Key Notation, a key X typically harmonizes with itself and the keys X±1 (with 0=12 and 1=13). Additionally, every key can be in a mode, i.e. major. Opening Night: Blair Eftink's return keys QND Lady Raider win over Keokuk UserWay icon for accessibility widget. QND OPENS.jpg. But all four lanes of the Cow Key Channel Bridge are now open for travel bridge and the Florida Keys Overseas Heritage Trail, are open.
are the keys open

Are the keys open -

Key Values

Special values

Values of which have special meanings other than identifying a specific key or character.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid

The user agent wasn't able to map the event's virtual keycode to a specific key value.

This can happen due to hardware or software constraints, or because of constraints around the platform on which the user agent is running.

variesvariesvariesvaries

Modifier keys

Modifiers are special keys which are used to generate special characters or cause special actions when used in combination with other keys. Examples include the and keys, and lock keys such as and .

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[5]The (Alternative) key. (0x12)
(0xA4)
(0xA5)
(0x3A)
(0x3D)
(0xFFE9)
(0xFFEA)
(0x01000023)
(57)
(58)
[5] The or (Alternate Graphics) key. Enables the ISO Level 3 shift modifier (where is the level 2 modifier). (0xFF7E)
(0xFE03)
(0xFE04)
(0xFE05)
(0xFE11)
(0xFE12)
(0xFE13)
(0x01001103
(0x0100117E)
The key. Toggles the capital character lock on and off for subsequent input. (0x14) (0x39) (0xFFE5)
(0x01000024)
(115)
The , , or key. Allows typing control characters. (0x11)
(0xA2)
(0xA3)
(0x3B)
(0x3E)
(0xFFE3)
(0xFFE4)
(0x01000021)
(113)
(114)
The (Function modifier) key. Used to allow generating function key (–, for instance) characters on keyboards without a dedicated function key area. Often handled in hardware so that events aren't generated for this key. (0x3F) (119)
The or (Function Lock) key.Toggles the function key mode described by on and off. Often handled in hardware so that events aren't generated for this key.
[4]The key. (0xFFED)
(0xFFEE)
(0x01000056)
(0x01000057)
[1] The key. Allows issuing special command inputs. This is the logo key, or the or key on Mac keyboards. (0x5B)
(0x5C)
(0x37)
(0x36)
(0xFFE7)
(0xFFE8)
(0x01000022)
(117)
(118)
The (Number Lock) key. Toggles the numeric keypad between number entry some other mode (often directional arrows). (0x90) (0xFF7F)
(0x01000025)
(143)
[2] The key. Toggles between scrolling and cursor movement modes. (0x91) (0xFF14)
(0x01000026)
(116)
The key. Modifies keystrokes to allow typing upper (or other) case letters, and to support typing punctuation and other special characters. (0x10)
(0xA0)
(0xA1)
(0x38)
(0x3C)
(0xFFE1)
(0xFFE2)
(0x01000020)
(59)
(60)
[4]The key. (0xFFEB)
(0xFFEC)
(0x01000053)
(0x01000054)
The modifier key (found on certain virtual keyboards). (63) [3]
The key.

[1] In Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11), as well as in all versions of Firefox, the key is reported as instead of as . This will be changed in Firefox per bug 1232918. Until that's fixed, these keys are returned as by Firefox: (0x5B) and (0x5C) on Windows, and (0xFFEB), (0xFFEC), (0xFFED), and (0xFFEE) on Linux.

[2] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) reports instead of for the key.

[3] Firefox did not add support for the key until Firefox 37.

[4] Firefox generates the key value " for the and keys, instead of and .

[5] Chrome 67 and Firefox 63 now correctly interpret the right key for keyboard layouts which map that key to . See Firefox bug bug 900750 and Chrome bug 25503 for further details.

Whitespace keys

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The or key (sometimes labeled ). (0x0D) (0x24)
(0x4C)
(0x34)
(0xFF0D)
(0xFF8D)
(0xFE34)
(0xFD1E)
(0x01000004)
(0x01000005)
(66)
(160)
(23)
The Horizontal Tab key, . (0x09) (0x30) (0xFF09)
(0xFF89)
(0xFE20)
(0x01000001)
(61)
[1]The space key, . (0x20) (0x31)

(0x20)
(0xFF80)
(0x20)

(62)

[1] Older browsers may return instead of for the key. Firefox did so until version 37, as did Internet Explorer 9, 10, and 11.

Navigation keys

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[1]The down arrow key. (0x28) (0x7D) (0xFF54)
(0xFF99)
(0x01000015)
(20)
[1]The left arrow key. (0x25) (0x7B) (0xFF51)
(0xFF96)
(0x01000012)
(21)
[1]The right arrow key. (0x27) (0x7C) (0xFF53)
(0xFF98)
(0x01000014)
(22)
[1]The up arrow key. (0x7E) (0xFF52)
(0xFF97)
(0x01000013)
(19)
The key. Moves to the end of content. (0x23) (0x77) (0xFF57)
(0xFF9C)
(0x01000011)
(123)
The key. Moves to the start of content. (0x24) (0x73) (0xFF50)
(0xFF95)
(0x01000010)
(122)
The (or ) key. Scrolls down or displays the next page of content. (0x22) (0xFF56)
(0xFF9B)
(0x01000017)
(93)
The (or ) key. Scrolls up or displays the previous page of content. (0x21) (0x74) (0xFF55)
(0xFF9A)
(0x01000016)
(92)

[1] Internet Explorer, Edge (16 and earlier), and Firefox (36 and earlier) use , , , and  instead of , , , and .

Editing keys

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The key. This key is labeled on Mac keyboards. (0x08) (0x33) (0xFF08)
(0x01000003)
(67)
The key. Removes the currently selected input. (0x0C)
(0xFE)
(0x47) (0xFF0B)
(0x0100000B)
(28)
The key (on certain extended keyboards). (0x1008FF57)
(0x010000CF)
[3]The Cursor Select key, . (0xF7) (0xFD1C)
The key (on certain extended keyboards). (0x1008FF58)
(0x010000D0)
[2]The Delete key, . (0x2E) (0x75) [1] (0xFFFF)
(0xFF9F)
(0x01000007)
(112)
Erase to End of Field. Deletes all characters from the current cursor position to the end of the current field. (0xF9) (0xFD1B)
[4]The (Extend Selection) key. (0xF8) (0xFD1B)
The Insert key, . Toggles between inserting and overwriting text. (0x2D) (0xFF63)
(0xFF9E)
(0x01000006)
(124)
Paste from the clipboard. (0x1008FF6D)
(0x010000E2)
Redo the last action. (0xFF66)
Undo the last action. (0xFF65)

[1] On keyboards without a dedicated key, the Mac generates the value when is pressed in tandem with (which is on other platforms).

[2] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier use instead of for the key.

[3] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier generate the value instead of when the key is pressed.

[4] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier generate the value instead of when the key is pressed.

UI keys

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The , , or key or button. Accepts the currently selected option or input method sequence conversion. (0x1E) (23)
The key. Redoes or repeats a previous action. (0xFF66)
[4]The (Attention) key. (0xF0) (0xFD0E)
[1]The key. (0xFF69)
[3] Shows the context menu. Typically found between the (or ) key and the key on the right side of the keyboard. (0x5D) (0x6E) (0xFF67)
(0x01000055)
(82)
[2] The (Escape) key. Typically used as an exit, cancel, or "escape this operation" button. Historically, the Escape character was used to signal the start of a special control sequence of characters called an "escape sequence." (0x1B) (0x35) (0xFF1B)
(0x01000000)
(111)
The key. (0x2B) (0x01020003)
The key. Opens an interface (typically a dialog box) for performing a find/search operation. (0xFF68)
[5]The key. (0xF1)
The key. Opens or toggles the display of help information. (0x2F)
(0x72) (0xFF6A)
(0x01000058)
(259)
The key. Pauses the current application or state, if applicable.

Note: This shouldn't be confused with the key value, which is used for media controllers, rather than to control applications and processes.

(0x13) (0xFF13)
(0xFF6B)
(0x01000008)
(121)
The key. Resumes a previously paused application, if applicable.

Note: This shouldn't be confused with the key value, which is used for media controllers, rather than to control applications and processes.

(0xFA) (0xFD16)
(0x01020005)
The (Properties) key.
The key. (0x29) (0xFF60) (109)
[6]The key. (0x1008FF8B)
(0x010000F6)
(168)
[6]The key. (0x1008FF8C)
(0x010000F7)
(169)

[1] In Google Chrome 52, the key incorrectly returns the key code . This is fixed in Chrome 53. (See Chrome bug 612749 for details.)

[2] In Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier, the key returns instead of .

[3] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier report instead of for the context menu key.

[4] The key generates the key code on Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11). Firefox and Google Chrome report the same, unless the Japanese keyboard layout is in effect, in which case it generates instead.

[5] The key generates the key code on Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11). Firefox reports the same, unless the Japanese keyboard layout is in effect, in which case it generates instead.

[6] Firefox didn't support the and keys until Firefox 37.

Device keys

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The Brightness Down key. Typically used to reduce the brightness of the display. (0x1008FF03)
(0x010000B3)
(220)
The Brightness Up key. Typically increases the brightness of the display. (0x1008FF02)
(0x010000B2)
(221)
The key. Ejects removable media (or toggles an optical storage device tray open and closed). (0x1008FF2C)
(0x010000B9)
(129)
[2]The key. (0x1008FF61)
(0x010000D9)
The button or key, to toggle power on and off.

Note: Not all systems pass this key through to the user agent.

(26)
The or key. Shuts off the system. (0x1008FF21)
(0x1008FF2A)
(0x0100010B)
(0x010000B7)
The or key. Sometimes . Captures the screen and prints it or saves it to disk. (0x2C) (0xFD1D)
(0xFF61)
(0xFF15)
(0x01000009)
(0x0100000A)
(120)
[2] The key. This saves the state of the computer to disk and then shuts down; the computer can be returned to its previous state by restoring the saved state information. (0x1008FFA8)
(0x01000108)
[1] The key. (Also known as or .) This turns off the display and puts the computer in a low power consumption mode, without completely powering off. (0x5F) (0x1008FF10)
(0x1008FFA7)
(0x1008FF2F)
(0x01000093)
(0x0100010C)
(0x01020004)
(223)
[2] The key. Used to wake the computer from the hibernation or standby modes. (0x1008FF2B)
(0x010000B8)
(224)

[1] The key is not supported by Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier, so it is reported as .

[2] Prior to Firefox 37, this key generated the value .

IME and composition keys

Keys used when using an Input Method Editor (IME) to input text which can't readily be entered by simple keypresses, such as text in languages such as those which have more graphemes than there are character entry keys on the keyboard. Common examples include Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Hindi.

Some keys are common across multiple languages, while others exist only on keyboards targeting specific languages. In addition, not all keyboards have all of these keys.

Common IME keys

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The key, which starts multi-candidate mode, in which multiple candidates are displayed for the ongoing input. (0xFF3D
(0x0100113D)
The key. (0xF0) (0xFF2F)
(0xFF30)
(0x0100112f)
(0x01001130)
The key, which enables code input mode, which lets the user enter characters by typing their code points (their Unicode character numbers, typically). (0xFF37)
(0x01001137)
The key. (0xFF20) [1]
(0x01001120)
[4] The key, which instructs the IME to convert the current input method sequence into the resulting character. (0x1C) (0xFF23)
(0x01001123)
(214)

A dead "combining" key; that is, a key which is used in tandem with other keys to generate accented and other modified characters. If pressed by itself, it doesn't generate a character.

If you wish to identify which specific dead key was pressed (in cases where more than one exists), you can do so by examining the 's associated event's  property.

See Dead keycodes for Linux below
The (Final Mode) key is used on some Asian keyboards to enter final mode when using IMEs. (0x18)
Switches to the first character group on an ISO/IEC 9995 keyboard. Each key may have multiple groups of characters, each in its own column. Pressing this key instructs the device to interpret keypresses as coming from the first column on subsequent keystrokes. (0xFE0C)
Switches to the last character group on an ISO/IEC 9995 keyboard. (0xFE0E)
[4] Switches to the next character group on an ISO/IEC 9995 keyboard. (0xFE08) (204)
Switches to the previous character group on an ISO/IEC 9995 keyboard. (0xFE0A)
[5]The Mode Change key. Toggles or cycles among input modes of IMEs. (0x1F) (0xFF7E)
(0xFF7E)
(0x0100117E)
(95)
The Next Candidate function key. Selects the next possible match for the ongoing input.
[2] The ("Don't convert") key. This accepts the current input method sequence without running conversion when using an IME. (0x1D) (0xFF22)
(0x01001122)
 
(213)
The Previous Candidate key. Selects the previous possible match for the ongoing input. (0xFF3E)
(0x0100113E)
[3]The key. Instructs the IME to process the conversion. (0xE5)
[4] The Single Candidate key. Enables single candidate mode (as opposed to multi-candidate mode); in this mode, only one candidate is displayed at a time. (0xFF3C)
(0x0100113C)

[1] On the X Window System, the key is called the key.

[2] The key is reported as instead of the correct by Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox versions 36 and earlier.

[3] The key currently returns in Firefox and Internet Explorer. Google Chrome returns the value of the key as if IME were not in use.

[4] Prior to Firefox 37, these keys were .

[5] Firefox generates the key value instead of .

Korean keyboards only

These keys are only available on Korean keyboards. There are other keys defined by various platforms for Korean keyboards, but these are the most common and are the ones identified by the UI Events specification.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The (Korean character set) mode key, which toggles between Hangul and English entry modes. (0x15) [1] (0xFF31)
(0x01001131)
Selects the Hanja mode, for converting Hangul characters to the more specific Hanja characters. (0x19) [1] (0xFF34)
(0x01001134)
Selects the Junja mode, in which Korean is represented using single-byte Latin characters. (0x17) (0xFF38)
(0x01001138)

[1] and share the same numeric key value on Windows, as do and .

Japanese keyboards only

These keys are only available on Japanese keyboards.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[1] The key. This key's purpose is defined by the IME, but may be used to close the IME. (0x66) (0xFF2F)
(0x01001130)
(212)
[3]The (half-width characters) key. (0xF3) (0xFF29)
(0x01001129)
The key; selects Kana characters mode. (0xF2) (0xFF25)
(0x01001125)
[6]Toggles between the Hiragana and Katakana writing systems. (0xFF27)
(0x01001127)
(215)
The (Kana Lock) key. (0x15) [2]
(0xF6)
(0xFF2D)
(0xFF2E)
(0x0100112D)
(0x0100112E)
The key. Enables entering Japanese text using the ideographic characters of Chinese origin. [2] (0x68) (0xFF21)
(0x01001121)
(218)
The key. (0xF1) (0xFF26)
(0x01001126)
[5]The key; selects the Roman character set. (0xF5) (0xFF24)
(0x01001124)
[4]The (full width) characters key. (0xF4) (0xFF28)
(0x01001128)
[6]The (full width/half width) toggle key. (0xFF2A)
(0x0100112A)

(211)

[1] Prior to Firefox 37, the key was mapped to by mistake.

[2] and share the same numeric key value on Windows, as do and .

[3] Prior to Firefox 37, the (half-width) key generated the key value on Firefox. Also, this key generates the value on Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11).

[4] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) reports for the key; Firefox 36 and earlier identify this key as on Japanese keyboard layouts and on all other keyboard layouts. Firefox 37 and later, and all versions of Google Chrome, correctly return .

[5] in Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11). Firefox 36 and earlier identify the key as on Japanese keyboards and for other keyboards; this is corrected to return in Firefox 37 and later.

[6] This key is reported as prior to Firefox 37.

Dead keycodes for Linux

Linux generates accented characters using special dead keys. Dead keys are keys which are pressed in combination with character keys to generate accented forms of those characters. You can identify which specific dead key was used (if more than one exists) by examining the  's associated event's  property.

You can find a table of the dead keys and the characters they can be used with to generate accented or otherwise special characters on Linux using GTK.

The value of  will be one of the following:

valueSymbolComments
(0xFE50)
(0x01001250)
`
(0xFE51)
(0x01001251)
´
(0xFE52)
(0x01001252)
ˆ
(0xFE53)
(0x01001253)
˜
(0xFE53) ͂
(0xFE54)
(0x01001254)
¯
(0xFE55)
(0x01001255)
˘
(0xFE56)
(0x01001256)
˙
(0xFE57)
(0x01001257)
¨Also called an umlaut.
(0xFE58)
(0x01001258)
˚
(0xFE59)
(0x01001259)
˝
(0xFE5A)
(0x0100125A)
ˇAlso called a háček; used in Czech among other languages.
(0xFE5B)
(0x0100125B)
¸
(0xFE5C)
(0x0100125C)
˛Also called a nosinė; used in Polish and Old Irish.
(0xFE5D)
(0x0100125D)
 ͅIota subscript.
(0xFE5E)
(0x0100125E)
(0xFE5F)
(0x0100125F)
(0xFE60)
(0x01001260)
̣̣
(0xFE61)
(0x01001261)
  ̡
(0xFE62)
(0x01001262)
 ̛
(0xFE63) ̶̶
(0xFE64) ̓̓
(0xFE64) ᾿
(0xFE65)ʽ
(0xFE65)
(0xFE66) ̏
(0xFE67)˳
(0xFE68) ̱
(0xFE69)
(0xFE6A)̰
(0xFE6B)̮
(0xFE6C) ̤
(0xFE6D)̯
(0xFE6E)̦
(0xFE6F)
(0xFE80)
(0xFE81)
(0xFE82)
(0xFE83)
(0xFE84)
(0xFE85)
(0xFE86)
(0xFE87)
(0xFE88)
(0xFE89)
(0xFE8A)ə
(0xFE8B)Ə
(0xFE8C)

Function keys

While various platforms support different numbers of the general-purpose function keys, such as – (or –, or –, etc.), the first few are specifically defined as follows.

If more function keys are available, their names continue the pattern here by continuing to increment the numeric portion of each key's name, so that, for example, is a valid key value.

valueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
The first general-purpose function key, . (0x70) (0x7A) (0xFFBE)
(0xFF91)
(0x01000030)
(131)
The key. (0x71) (0x78) (0xFFBF)
(0xFF92)
(0x01000031)
(132)
The key. (0x72) (0x63) (0xFFC0)
(0xFF93)
(0x01000032)
(133)
The key. (0x73) (0x76) (0xFFC1)
(0xFF94)
(0x01000033)
(134)
The key. (0x74) (0x60) (0xFFC2)
(0x01000034)
(135)
The key. (0x75) (0x61) (0xFFC3)
(0x01000035)
(136)
The key. (0x76) (0x62) (0xFFC4)
(0x01000036)
(137)
The key. (0x77) (0x64) (0xFFC5)
(0x01000037)
(138)
The key. (0x78) (0x65) (0xFFC6)
(0x01000038)
(139)
The key. (0x79) (0x6D) (0xFFC7)
(0x01000039)
(140)
The key. (0x7A) (0x67) (0xFFC8)
(0x0100003A)
(141)
The key. (0x7B) (0x6F) (0xFFC9)
(0x0100003B)
(142)
The key. (0x7C) (0x69) (0xFFCA)
(0x0100003C)
The key. (0x7D) (0x6B) (0xFFCB)
4 (0x0100003D)
The key. (0x7E) (0x71) (0xFFCC)
5 (0x0100003E)
The key. (0x7F) (0x6A) (0xFFCD)
6 (0x0100003F)
The key. (0x80) (0x40) (0xFFCE)
7 (0x01000040)
The key. (0x81) (0x4F) (0xFFCF)
8 (0x01000041)
The key. (0x82) (0x50) (0xFFD0)
9 (0x01000042)
The key. (0x83) (0x5A) (0xFFD1)
(0x01000043)
The first general-purpose virtual function key. (0x01100000)
The second general-purpose virtual function key. (0x01100001)
The third general-purpose virtual function key. (0x01100002)
The fourth general-purpose virtual function key. (0x01100003)

Phone keys

These keys represent buttons which commonly exist on modern smartphones.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
Presents a list of recently-used applications which lets the user change apps quickly. (181)
The key. Dials the number which has been entered. (0x01100004) (5)
The key. Activates the camera. (0x01100020) (27)
The key. Focuses the camera. (0x01100021) (80)
The or button. (0x01100005) (6)
The button. (4)
[1] The button. Returns the user to the phone's main screen (usually an application launcher). (3)
The key. This is typically actually a button on the headset which is used to hang up calls and play or pause media. (0x01100007) (79)
The button. Redials the last-called number. (0x01100009)
The key. (83)
A button which cycles among the notification modes: silent, vibrate, ring, and so forth. (205)
The key. Initiates voice dialing. (0x01100008) (231)

[1] Prior to Firefox 37, the Home button generated a key code of . Starting in Firefox 37, the button generates the key code .

Multimedia keys

The multimedia keys are extra buttons or keys for controlling media devices, found on some keyboards.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
Switches to the previous channel. (0x01000119) (167)
Switches to the next channel. (0x01000118) (166)
[2]Starts, continues, or increases the speed of fast forwarding the media. (0x01000102) (90)

Pauses the currently playing media.

Note: Some older applications use , but this is not correct.

(0x1008FF31)
(0x1000085)
(127)
Starts or continues playing media at normal speed, if not already doing so. Has no effect otherwise. (0x1008FF14)
Toggles between playing and pausing the current media. (0xB3)
(0x1000086) (85)
Starts or resumes recording media. (0x1008FF1C)
(0x01000084)
Starts, continues, or increases the speed of rewinding the media. (0x1008FF3E)
(0x010000C5)
Stops the current media activity (such as playing, recording, pausing, forwarding, or rewinding). Has no effect if the media is currently stopped already. (0xB2)
(0x1008FF15)
(0x01000081)
(86)
[1]Seeks to the next media or program track. (0xB0)
(0x1008FF17)
(0x01000083)
(87)
[1]Seeks to the previous media or program track. (0xB1)
(0x1008FF16)
(0x01000082)
(88)

[1] Internet Explorer, Edge, and Firefox (36 and earlier) use and instead of and .

[2] Prior to Firefox 37, Firefox generated the key code on some platforms and on others instead of .

Audio control keys

These media keys are used specifically for controlling audio.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
Adjusts audio balance toward the left.
Adjusts audio balance toward the right.
Decreases the amount of bass.
Reduces bass boosting or cycles downward through bass boost modes or states.
Toggles bass boosting on and off.
Increases the amoung of bass boosting, or cycles upward through a set of bass boost modes or states.
Increases the amount of bass.
Adjusts the audio fader toward the front.
Adjusts the audio fader toward the rear.
Selects the next available surround sound mode.
Decreases the amount of treble.
Increases the amount of treble.
Decreases the audio volume. (0xAE)
(0x49) (0x1008FF11)
(0x01000070)
(25)
Mutes the audio. (0xAD)
(0x4A) (0x1008FF12)
(0x01000071)
(164)
Increases the audio volume. (0xAF)
(0x48) (0x1008FF13)
(0x01000072)
(24)
Toggles the microphone on and off.
Decreases the microphone's input volume. (0x0100011E)
Mutes the microphone input. (0x1008FFB2)
(0x01000113)
(91)
Increases the microphone's input volume. (0x0100011D)

[1] Internet Explorer, Edge, and Firefox (48 and earlier) use , , and  instead of , , and . In Firefox 49 they were updated to match the latest specification. The old names are still used on Boot to Gecko.

TV control keys

These key values represent buttons or keys present on television devices, or computers or phones which have TV support.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[1]Switches into TV viewing mode. (170)
Toggles 3D TV mode on and off. (206)
Toggles between antenna and cable inputs. (242)
Toggles audio description mode on and off. (252)
Decreases trhe audio description's mixing volume; reduces the volume of the audio descriptions relative to the program sound. (254)
Increases the audio description's mixing volume; increases the volume of the audio descriptions relative to the program sound. (253)
Displays or hides the media contents available for playback (this may be a channel guide showing the currently airing programs, or a list of media files to play). (256)
Displays or hides the TV's data service menu. (230)
[2]Cycles the input mode on an external TV. (178)
Switches to the input "Component 1." (249)
Switches to the input "Component 2." (250)
Switches to the input "Composite 1." (247)
Switches to the input "Composite 2." (248)
Switches to the input "HDMI 1." (243)
Switches to the input "HDMI 2." (244)
Switches to the input "HDMI 3." (245)
Switches to the input "HDMI 4." (246)
Switches to the input "VGA 1." (251)
The Media Context menu key. (257)
Toggle the TV's network connection on and off. (241)
Put the TV into number entry mode. (234)
[2]The device's power button. (177)
Radio button. (232)
Satellite button. (237)
Broadcast Satellite button. (238)
Communication Satellite button. (239)
Toggles among available satellites. (240)
Selects analog terrestrial television service (analog cable or antenna reception). (235)
Selects digital terrestrial television service (digital cable or antenna receiption). (236)
Timer programming button. (258)

[1] Firefox added proper support for the key in Firefox 37; before that, this key generated the key code .

[2] These keys were until Firefox 37.

Media controller keys

Because modern remote controls for media devices often include buttons beyond the basic controls covered elsewhere in this document, key values are defined for a broad array of these additional buttons.

The values below are derived in part form a number of consumer electronics technical specifications:

Note: Remote controls typically include keys whose values are already defined elsewhere, such as under Multimedia keys or Audio control keys. Those keys' values will match what's documented in those tables.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[3]Changes the input mode on an external audio/video receiver (AVR) unit. (182)
[3]Toggles the power on an external AVR unit. (181)
[3] General-purpose media function key, color-coded red. This has index among the colored keys. (183)
[3] General-purpose media funciton key, color-coded green. This has index among the colored keys. (184)
[3] General-purpose media funciton key, color-coded yellow. This has index among the colored keys. (185)
[3] General-purpose media funciton key, color-coded blue. This has index among the colored keys. (186)
General-purpose media funciton key, color-coded grey. This has index among the colored keys.
General-purpose media funciton key, color-coded brown. This has index among the colored keys.
Toggles closed captioning on and off. (175)
Adjusts the brightness of the device by toggling between two brightness levels or by cycling among multiple brightness levels. (0x1008FF3B)
Cycles among video sources.
Switches the input source to the Digital Video Recorder (DVR). (173)
The Exit button, which exits the curreent application or menu. (0x0102000a)
Clears the program or content stored in the first favorites list slot.
Clears the program or content stored in the second favorites list slot.
Clears the program or content stored in the third favorites list slot.
Clears the program or content stored in the fourth favorites list slot.
Selects (recalls) the program or content stored in the first favorites list slot.
Selects (recalls) the program or content stored in the second favorites list slot.
Selects (recalls) the program or content stored in the third favorites list slot.
Selects (recalls) the program or content stored in the fourth favorites list slot.
Stores the current program or content into the first favorites list slot.
Stores the current program or content into the second favorites list slot.
Stores the current program or content into the third favorites list slot.
Stores the current program or content into the fourth favorites list slot.
Toggles the display of the program or content guide. (0x0100011A) (172)
If the guide is currently displayed, this button tells the guide to display the next day's content.
If the guide is currently displayed, this button tells the guide to display the previous day's content.
Toggles the display of information about the currently selected content, program, or media. (0x0100011B) (165)
Tells the device to perform an instant replay (typically some form of jumping back a short amount of time then playing it again, possibly but not usually in slow motion).
Opens content liniked to the current program, if available and possible.
Lists the current program.
Toggles a display listing currently available live content or programs.
Locks or unlocks the currently selected content or pgoram.
Presents a list of media applications, such as photo viewers, audio and video players, and games. [1]
The Audio Track key. GDK_KEY_AudioCycleTrack (0x1008FF9B)
(0x01000106)
(222)
Jumps back to the last-viewed content, program, or other media. (0x0100FFFF) (229)
Skips backward to the previous content or program.
Skips forward to the next content or program.
Steps backward to the previous content or program.
Steps forward to the next content or program.
Top Menu button. Opens the media's main menu (e.g., for a DVD or Blu-Ray disc). (0x0100010A)
Navigates into a submenu or option.
Navigates to the next item.
Navigates out of the current screen or menu.
Navigates to the previous item.
Cycles to the next channel in the favorites list.
Cycles to the next saved user profile, if this feature is supported and multiple profiles exist.
Opens the user interface for selecting on demand content or programs to watch.
Starts the process of pairing the remote with a device to be controlled. (225)
A button to move the picture-in-picture view downward.
A button to control moving the picture-in-picture view.
Toggles display of th epicture-in-picture view on and off.
A button to move the picture-in-picture view upward.
Decreases the media playback rate.
Returns the media playback rate to normal.
Increases the media playback rate.
Toggles random media (also known as "shuffle mode") on and off. (0x1008FF99)
A code sent when the remote control's battery is low. This doesn't actually correspond to a physical key at all.
Cycles among the available media recording speeds.
Toggles radio frequency (RF) input bypass mode on and off. RF bypass mode passes RF input directly to the RF output without any processing or filtering.
Toggles the channel scan mode on and off. This is a mode which flips through channels automatically until the user stops the scan.
Cycles through the available screen display modes.
Toggles display of the device's settings screen on and off. (0x0100011C)
Toggles split screen display mode on and off.0x1008FF7D)
(0x010000ED)
[3]Cycles among input modes on an external set-top box (STB). (180)
[3]Toggles on and off an external STB. (179)
Toggles the display of subtitles on and off if they're available. (0x1008FF9A) (175)
Toggles display of teletext, if available. (233)
[3]Cycles through the available video modes. (0x1008FE22)
Causes the device to identify itself in some fashion, such as by flashing a light, briefly changing the brightness of indicator lights, or emitting a tone.
[2] Toggles between full-screen and scaled content display, or otherwise change the magnification level. (0xFB) (0x01020006) (255)

[1] Don't confuse the media controller key with the Windows key, which is also known as . That key is encoded as .

[2] Internet Explorer (tested on release 9 and 11) and Firefox 36 and earlier identify the zoom toggle button as . Firefox 37 corrects this to .

[3] These keys were until Firefox 37.

Speech recognition keys

These special multimedia keys are used to control speech recognition features.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[1] Presents a list of possible corrections for a word which was incorrectly identified.
[2] Toggles between dictation mode and command/control mode. This lets the speech engine know whether to interpret spoken words as input text or as commands.

[1] The command on Windows generates on Firefox.

[2] The command on Windows generates on Firefox.

Document keys

These keys control documents. In the specification, they're included in other sets of keys (such as the media keys), but they are more sensibly considered to be their own category.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[1]Closes the current document or message. Must not exit the application. (0x1008FF56)
(0x010000CE)
(128)
[1]Creates a new document or message. (0x1008FF68)
(0x01000120)
[1]Opens an existing document or message. (0x1008FF6B)
(0x01000121)
Prints the current document or message. (0xFF61)
(0x01000009)
[1]Saves the current document or message. (0x1008FF77)
(0x010000EA)
[1]Starts spell checking the current document. (0x1008FF7C)
(0x010000EC)
[1]Opens the user interface to forward a message. (0x1008FF90)
(0x010000FB)
[1]Opens the user interface to reply to a message. (0x1008FF72)
(0x010000E5)
[1]Sends the current message. (0x1008FF7B)
(0x010000EB)

[1] Prior to Firefox 37, this key generated the key value .

Application selector keys

Some keyboards offer special keys for launching or switching to certain common applications. Key values for those are listed here.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[5] The key, often labeled with an icon. This is often used as a generic application launcher key (). (0x1008FF1D)
(0x010000CB)
(210)
[5]The key. Often labeled with an icon. (0x1008FF20)
(0x010000E4)
(208)
The key. (207)
The key. Often labeled with an icon. (0xB4)
(0x1008FF19)
(0x010000A0)
(65)
[1]The key. (0xB5)
(0x1008FF53)
(0x1008FF87)
(0x1008FF32)
(0x010000A1)
[5]The key. Often labeled with an icon. (0x1008FF92)
(0x010000FD)
(209)
[5] The key on Windows keyboards. This is often used as a generic application launcher key (). (0x1008FF33)
(0x1008FF5D)
The key. Opens the phone dialer application (if one is present). (0x1008FF6E)
(0x010000E3)
[5]The key. (0x1008FF2D)
(0x010000BA)
[4]The key. This key may be labeled with an icon. (0x1008FF5C)
(0x010000D4)
[4] The key. This key is frequently labeled with an icon. (0x1008FF2E)
(0x010000BB)
(64)
[5]The key. Opens the webcam application. (0x1008FF8F)
(0x010000FA)
[5] The key. This may be an icon of a specific word processor application, or a generic document icon. (0x1008FF89)
(0x010000F4)
[2]The first generic application launcher button. (0xB6)
(0x1008FF40)
(0x010000A2)
[3]The second generic application launcher button. (0xB7)
(0x1008FF41)
(0x010000A3)
The third generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF42)
(0x010000A4)
The fourth generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF43)
(0x010000A5)
The fifth generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF44)
(0x010000A6)
The sixth generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF45)
(0x010000A7)
The seventh generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF46)
(0x010000A8)
The eighth generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF47)
(0x010000A9)
The ninth generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF48)
(0x010000AA)
The 10th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF49)
(0x010000AB)
The 11th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF4A)
(0x010000AC)
The 12th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF4B)
(0x010000AD)
The 13th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF4C)
(0x010000AE)
The 14th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF4D)
(0x010000AF)
The 15th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF4E)
(0x010000B0)
The 16th generic application launcher button. (0x1008FF4F)
(0x010000B1)

[1] Internet Explorer, Edge, and Firefox (36 and earlier) use instead of . Firefox 37 through Firefox 48 use . Firefox 49 has been updated to match the latest specification, and to return .

[2] Google Chrome 57 and earlier returned instead of . See Chrome Bug 612743 for more information.

[3] Google Chrome 57 and earlier returned instead of . See Chrome Bug 612743 for more information.

[4] Prior to Firefox 37, Firefox returned the key code instead of " for the Web browser key.

[5] Firefox introduced support for this key in Firefox 37. Prior to that, this key was reported as .

Browser control keys

Some keyboards include special keys for controlling Web browsers. Those keys follow.

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
Navigates to the previous content or page in the current Web view's history. (0xA6)
(0x1008FF26)
(0x01000061)
(4)
[1]Opens the user's list of bookmarks/favorites. (0xAB)
(0x1008FF30)
(0x1008FF67)
(0x01000091)
(174)
Navigates to the next content or page in the current Web view's history. (0xA7)
(0x1008FF27)
(0x01000062)
(125)
Navigates to the user's preferred home page. (0xAC)
(0x1008FF18)
(0x01000090)
(3)
Refreshes the current page or content. (0xA8)
(0x1008FF29)
(0x1008FF73)
Activates the user's preferred search engine or the search interface within their browser. (0xAA)
(0x1008FF1B)
(0x01000092)
(84)
Stops loading the currently displayed Web view or content. (0xA9)
(0x1008FF28)
(0x01000063)

[1] Prior to Firefox 37, this key's value was reported as .

Numeric keypad keys

These keys are found on the keyboard's numeric keypad. However, not all are present on every keyboard. Although typical numeric keypads have numeric keys from to (encoded as through ), some multimedia keyboards include additional number keys for higher numbers.

Note: The key, if present, generates events with the value of .

ValueDescriptionVirtual Keycode
WindowsMacLinuxAndroid
[1]

The decimal point key (typically or depending on the region).

In newer browsers, this value to be the character generated by the decimal key (one of those two characters). [1]

(0x6E) (0x41) (0xFFAE)
 
(158)
The key found on certain media numeric keypads.
The key found on certain media numeric keypads.
[1] The numeric keypad's multiplication key, . (0x6A) (0x43) (0xFFAA)
(0x0D7)
(155)
[1] The numeric keypad's addition key, . (0x6B) (0x45) (0xFFAB) (157)
The numeric keypad's key. (0x47) (0xFF0B)
(0x0100000B)
(28)
[1] The numeric keypad's division key, . (0x6F) (0x4B) (0xFFAF)
(0x2F)
(154)
[1] The numeric keypad's subtraction key, . (0x6D) (0x4E) (0xFFAD) (156)
[1]

The numeric keypad's places separator character.

(In the United States this is a comma, but elsewhere it is frequently a period.)

(0x6C) (0x5F) (0xFFAC)
 
(159)
through The actual digit keys on the numeric keypad. (0x60) - (0x69) (0x52) - (0x5C) (0xFFB0) - (0xFFB9) (144) - (153)

[1] While older browsers used words like , , , and so forth modern browsers identify these using the actual character (, , , and so forth).

Источник: https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/KeyboardEvent/key/Key_Values

Mac keyboard shortcuts

By pressing certain key combinations, you can do things that normally need a mouse, trackpad, or other input device.

To use a keyboard shortcut, press and hold one or more modifier keys and then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to use Command-C (copy), press and hold the Command key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys:

  • Command (or Cmd) ⌘
  • Shift ⇧
  • Option (or Alt) ⌥
  • Control (or Ctrl) ⌃


On keyboards made for Windows PCs, use the Alt key instead of Option, and the Windows logo key instead of Command.

Some keys on some Apple keyboards have special symbols and functions, such as for display brightness , keyboard brightness , Mission Control, and more. If these functions aren't available on your keyboard, you might be able to reproduce some of them by creating your own keyboard shortcuts. To use these keys as F1, F2, F3, or other standard function keys, combine them with the Fn key.

Cut, copy, paste, and other common shortcuts

  • Command-X: Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.
  • Command-C: Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder.
  • Command-V: Paste the contents of the Clipboard into the current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder.
  • Command-Z: Undo the previous command. You can then press Shift-Command-Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
  • Command-A: Select All items.
  • Command-F: Find items in a document or open a Find window.
  • Command-G: Find Again: Find the next occurrence of the item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Shift-Command-G.
  • Command-H: Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Option-Command-H.
  • Command-M: Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Option-Command-M.
  • Command-O: Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.
  • Command-P: Print the current document.
  • Command-S: Save the current document.
  • Command-T: Open a new tab.
  • Command-W: Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Option-Command-W.
  • Option-Command-Esc: Force quit an app.
  • Command–Space bar: Show or hide the Spotlight search field. To perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command–Option–Space bar. (If you use multiple input sources to type in different languages, these shortcuts change input sources instead of showing Spotlight. Learn how to change a conflicting keyboard shortcut.)
  • Control–Command–Space bar: Show the Character Viewer, from which you can choose emoji and other symbols.
  • Control-Command-F: Use the app in full screen, if supported by the app.
  • Space bar: Use Quick Look to preview the selected item.
  • Command-Tab: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps. 
  • Shift-Command-5: In macOS Mojave or later, take a screenshot or make a screen recording. Or use Shift-Command-3 or Shift-Command-4 for screenshots. Learn more about screenshots.
  • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder in the Finder.
  • Command-Comma (,): Open preferences for the front app.

Sleep, log out, and shut down shortcuts

You might need to press and hold some of these shortcuts for slightly longer than other shortcuts. This helps you to avoid using them unintentionally.

* Does not apply to the Touch ID sensor.

Finder and system shortcuts

  • Command-D: Duplicate the selected files.
  • Command-E: Eject the selected disk or volume.
  • Command-F: Start a Spotlight search in the Finder window.
  • Command-I: Show the Get Info window for a selected file.
  • Command-R: (1) When an alias is selected in the Finder: show the original file for the selected alias. (2) In some apps, such as Calendar or Safari, refresh or reload the page. (3) In Software Update preferences, check for software updates again.
  • Shift-Command-C: Open the Computer window.
  • Shift-Command-D: Open the desktop folder.
  • Shift-Command-F: Open the Recents window, showing all of the files you viewed or changed recently.
  • Shift-Command-G: Open a Go to Folder window.
  • Shift-Command-H: Open the Home folder of the current macOS user account.
  • Shift-Command-I: Open iCloud Drive.
  • Shift-Command-K: Open the Network window.
  • Option-Command-L: Open the Downloads folder.
  • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder.
  • Shift-Command-O: Open the Documents folder.
  • Shift-Command-P: Show or hide the Preview pane in Finder windows.
  • Shift-Command-R: Open the AirDrop window.
  • Shift-Command-T: Show or hide the tab bar in Finder windows. 
  • Control-Shift-Command-T: Add selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mavericks or later)
  • Shift-Command-U: Open the Utilities folder.
  • Option-Command-D: Show or hide the Dock. 
  • Control-Command-T: Add the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later).
  • Option-Command-P: Hide or show the path bar in Finder windows.
  • Option-Command-S: Hide or show the Sidebar in Finder windows.
  • Command–Slash (/): Hide or show the status bar in Finder windows.
  • Command-J: Show View Options.
  • Command-K: Open the Connect to Server window.
  • Control-Command-A: Make an alias of the selected item.
  • Command-N: Open a new Finder window.
  • Option-Command-N: Create a new Smart Folder.
  • Command-T: Show or hide the tab bar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
  • Option-Command-T: Show or hide the toolbar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
  • Option-Command-V: Move the files in the Clipboard from their original location to the current location.
  • Command-Y: Use Quick Look to preview the selected files.
  • Option-Command-Y: View a Quick Look slideshow of the selected files.
  • Command-1: View the items in the Finder window as icons.
  • Command-2: View the items in a Finder window as a list.
  • Command-3: View the items in a Finder window in columns. 
  • Command-4: View the items in a Finder window in a gallery.
  • Command–Left Bracket ([): Go to the previous folder.
  • Command–Right Bracket (]): Go to the next folder.
  • Command–Up Arrow: Open the folder that contains the current folder.
  • Command–Control–Up Arrow: Open the folder that contains the current folder in a new window.
  • Command–Down Arrow: Open the selected item.
  • Right Arrow: Open the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
  • Left Arrow: Close the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
  • Command-Delete: Move the selected item to the Trash.
  • Shift-Command-Delete: Empty the Trash.
  • Option-Shift-Command-Delete: Empty the Trash without confirmation dialog.
  • Command–Brightness Down: Turn video mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to more than one display.
  • Option–Brightness Up: Open Displays preferences. This works with either Brightness key.
  • Control–Brightness Up or Control–Brightness Down: Change the brightness of your external display, if supported by your display.
  • Option–Shift–Brightness Up or Option–Shift–Brightness Down: Adjust the display brightness in smaller steps. Add the Control key to this shortcut to make the adjustment on your external display, if supported by your display.
  • Option–Mission Control: Open Mission Control preferences.
  • Command–Mission Control: Show the desktop. 
  • Control–Down Arrow: Show all windows of the front app.
  • Option–Volume Up: Open Sound preferences. This works with any of the volume keys.
  • Option–Shift–Volume Up or Option–Shift–Volume Down: Adjust the sound volume in smaller steps.
  • Option–Keyboard Brightness Up: Open Keyboard preferences. This works with either Keyboard Brightness key.
  • Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness Up or Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness Down: Adjust the keyboard brightness in smaller steps.
  • Option key while double-clicking: Open the item in a separate window, then close the original window.
  • Command key while double-clicking: Open a folder in a separate tab or window.
  • Command key while dragging to another volume: Move the dragged item to the other volume, instead of copying it. 
  • Option key while dragging: Copy the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
  • Option-Command while dragging: Make an alias of the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
  • Option-click a disclosure triangle: Open all folders within the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
  • Command-click a window title: See the folders that contain the current folder.
  • Learn how to use Command or Shift to select multiple items in the Finder. 
  • Click the Go menu in the Finder menu bar to see shortcuts for opening many commonly used folders, such as Applications, Documents, Downloads, Utilities, and iCloud Drive.

Document shortcuts

The behavior of these shortcuts may vary with the app you're using.

  • Command-B: Boldface the selected text, or turn boldfacing on or off. 
  • Command-I: Italicize the selected text, or turn italics on or off.
  • Command-K: Add a web link.
  • Command-U: Underline the selected text, or turn underlining on or off.
  • Command-T: Show or hide the Fonts window.
  • Command-D: Select the Desktop folder from within an Open dialog or Save dialog.
  • Control-Command-D: Show or hide the definition of the selected word.
  • Shift-Command-Colon (:): Display the Spelling and Grammar window.
  • Command-Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in the document.
  • Option-Delete: Delete the word to the left of the insertion point.
  • Control-H: Delete the character to the left of the insertion point. Or use Delete.
  • Control-D: Delete the character to the right of the insertion point. Or use Fn-Delete.
  • Fn-Delete: Forward delete on keyboards that don't have a Forward Delete   key. Or use Control-D.
  • Control-K: Delete the text between the insertion point and the end of the line or paragraph.
  • Fn–Up Arrow: Page Up: Scroll up one page. 
  • Fn–Down Arrow: Page Down: Scroll down one page.
  • Fn–Left Arrow: Home: Scroll to the beginning of a document.
  • Fn–Right Arrow: End: Scroll to the end of a document.
  • Command–Up Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the document.
  • Command–Down Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the document.
  • Command–Left Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the current line.
  • Command–Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the current line.
  • Option–Left Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.
  • Option–Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the next word.
  • Shift–Command–Up Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document.
  • Shift–Command–Down Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the document.
  • Shift–Command–Left Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line.
  • Shift–Command–Right Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the current line.
  • Shift–Up Arrow: Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line above.
  • Shift–Down Arrow: Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line below.
  • Shift–Left Arrow: Extend text selection one character to the left.
  • Shift–Right Arrow: Extend text selection one character to the right.
  • Option–Shift–Up Arrow: Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again.
  • Option–Shift–Down Arrow: Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again.
  • Option–Shift–Left Arrow: Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word if pressed again.
  • Option–Shift–Right Arrow: Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again.
  • Control-A: Move to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
  • Control-E: Move to the end of a line or paragraph.
  • Control-F: Move one character forward.
  • Control-B: Move one character backward.
  • Control-L: Center the cursor or selection in the visible area.
  • Control-P: Move up one line.
  • Control-N: Move down one line.
  • Control-O: Insert a new line after the insertion point.
  • Control-T: Swap the character behind the insertion point with the character in front of the insertion point.
  • Command–Left Curly Bracket ({): Left align.
  • Command–Right Curly Bracket (}): Right align.
  • Shift–Command–Vertical bar (

    Australian Open 2021 - Madison Keys tests positive for coronavirus, unlikely to play in Melbourne

    World number 16 Madison Keys has confirmed she’s tested positive for Covid-19 and could miss the Australian Open.

    The former semi-finalist in Melbourne says she found out about the result shortly before she was due to fly Australia, and will now begin a period of self-isolation.

    Ad

    Keys has become the second player on Thursday to confirm a positive case, after Andy Murray.

    US Open women

    Keys forced to retire from US Open third-round match with neck injury

    06/09/2020 AT 07:21

    Unlike Britain’s former world number one, who still hopes to make the first Grand Slam of the year, Keys has appeared to give up on her chances of playing in Melbourne.

    “I’m very disappointed to not be able to play in the coming weeks after training hard in the off-season and knowing Tennis Australia and the tours did so much to make these events happen,” she said in a tweet.

    I am self-isolating at home and will continue to follow all the necessary health precautions. I look forward to being back on tour next month.

    Keys has not given an update on whether she is showing any symptoms for the virus.

    Players are this week starting to travel to Australia with their teams on specially chartered flights around the world. Each arrival will have to quarantine in one of three designated hotels for 14 days, where they will be allowed to train on court at specifically allocated times, to avoid mixing with others.

    The tournament is due to start on February 8, one month later than originally scheduled.

    WTA Brisbane

    Pliskova outlasts Keys for third Brisbane title

    12/01/2020 AT 09:58

    WTA Osaka

    Kerber secures Pan Pacific Open semi-final spot as Keys retires injured

    20/09/2019 AT 16:25

    Источник: https://www.eurosport.co.uk/tennis/australian-open/2021/australian-open-2021-madison-keys-tests-positive-for-coronavirus-unlikely-to-play-in-melbourne_sto8066977/story.shtml

    Jackson Hole, WY News

    Jackson, Wyoming

    Wednesday, November 24, 2021

    1 of 2

    Wilson event site

    An overlaid photo showing property lines and some of the Wilson’s proposals. Karen Cummings’ property is in the foreground, and the Wilsons’ property is in the background. Cummings says having a developed parking lot in the center of the Wilsons’ land would negatively impact others’ views of the Tetons.

    The Grove at Wilson Ranch

    The Grove area of the Wilson's property in Alta currently hosts a handful of weddings and other events during the summer. The family is asking for a conditional use permit to develop a reception site near the area.

    Double Diamond Bar Ranch sleigh rides

    Meredith Wilson drives a sleigh for friends at his Double Diamond Bar Ranch in Alta in March 2020. The Wilson family is asking for a pair of conditional use permits to build a new reception hall and and separate reception site on the property to host more events in the summer.

    BRADLY J. BONER / NEWS&GUIDE

    Meredith Wilson wants to build a new reception hall and otherwise get his family’s Alta property the approvals needed to host more events in the summer.

    But neighborhood residents aren’t happy with what he’s proposed, worried about the noise, impacts to views and public safety infrastructure in the area.

    So goes the latest disagreement in Teton County between landowners who want to use portions of large agricultural properties as event spaces to diversify income streams, support agricultural operations and preserve the open space, and neighbors who are generally concerned that such operations will impact public safety, infrastructure, and peace and quiet.

    “We are working on coming up with ways where we can maintain the open space and ag value and make a living to provide for our family, as well,” Wilson told the Teton County Planning Commission on Monday evening. “Worst-case scenario, we would have to subdivide our property, and that is not our wish.”

    Wilson is looking for two separate, but related, conditional use permits from Teton County: one for approval to build a reception hall of up to 5,000 square feet (county code would allow that building to go up to 10,000) that would accommodate 300 or 400 people, and another for approval to operate an outdoor reception site on the property dubbed “The Grove.”

    Wilson event site

    The idea is to allow people to pay to use the outdoor reception site for events like weddings and then move the party over to the reception hall.

    Wilson told planning commissioners that his family has owned the property for 130 years and that Karen Cummings, a neighbor who has concerns about the proposal, owns property once owned by his grandfather.

    But Cummings and other neighbors are worried about the effects a proposed overflow parking lot would have on their viewsheds, the intensity of the use (the Wilsons are looking to host up to 30 events a summer on the property), the noise from celebrations on the property, how emergency services would be provided and how the use would impact Teton County, Idaho.

    The proposed overflow lot would be directly in Cummings’ and other neighbors’ mostly undisturbed viewshed.

    “I would almost rather have a couple of houses in the distance,” Cummings said, adding that that was particularly so if they were surrounded by agricultural operations. “I would rather that than a parking lot be there.”

    Valley Advocates for Responsible Development, a Teton County, Idaho, group that monitors development on the west slope of the Tetons, asked commissioners to give more thought to how the proposal would impact the western Teton community.

    They wanted to see impact studies, a more detailed community engagement plan, and cross-county collaboration on the project.

    The Grove at Wilson Ranch

    “The few key applications on the table this evening has significant potential impacts to Teton County, Idaho,” VARD Executive Director Niki Richards told Wyoming planning commissioners. “And as stated in the Comprehensive Plan, Alta remains reliant on Teton County, Idaho, for most retail needs and some municipal services.”

    Some other people who wrote to the Planning Commission, but didn’t speak up at the meeting Monday evening, supported the proposal.

    “It will not change the agricultural use of their ranch or the scenic qualities,” Janet and Buol Heslin wrote. “This new business will benefit the family, provide an additional revenue stream and enable them and their children to keep farming in Alta.”

    The Planning Commission ultimately voted 5-0 and then 4-1 to recommend the elected Teton County Board of County Commissioners approve the Wilsons’ proposals.

    The appointed planning commissioners split over the Wilsons’ proposal for the reception hall, with Planning Commissioner Sue Lurie expressing reservations about the parking situation.

    Where did the planning commission differ from planning staff?

    Teton County Planning and Building Director Chris Neubecker recommended the Teton County Board of County Commissioners approve the two permits with a number of conditions.

    But the Teton County Planning Commission recommended a few changes after hearing from neighbors.

    Neubecker asked the Teton County Board of County Commissioners to cap the number of annual events at the outdoor reception site and hall to 30 and only allow them between May 1 and October 31 of each year. 

    The Planning Commission recommended lowering that to 15.

    And Neubecker also asked the County Commission to require the Wilsons to submit an annual monitoring report detailing "the date and frequency of events the previous year, including number of guests at each event." If there is non-compliance in the report or Neubecker received complaints about the use of the site, the report would be elevated to the County Commission.

    Planning commissioners recommended their elected counterparts require the Wilsons to monitor noise at the outdoor reception site and provide that data in the annual monitoring report.

    How that will fare remains to be seen. 

    A similar condition in the Snake River Ranch's conditional use permit for one of its event sites led to a bitter public confrontation between angry neighbors and landowners in 2016. 

    Contact Billy Arnoldat 732-7063 or [email protected]

    Источник: https://www.jhnewsandguide.com/content/tncms/live/
    )
    : Center align.
  • Option-Command-F: Go to the search field. 
  • Option-Command-T: Show or hide a toolbar in the app.
  • Option-Command-C: Copy Style: Copy the formatting settings of the selected item to the Clipboard.
  • Option-Command-V: Paste Style: Apply the copied style to the selected item.
  • Option-Shift-Command-V: Paste and Match Style: Apply the style of the surrounding content to the item pasted within that content.
  • Option-Command-I: Show or hide the inspector window.
  • Shift-Command-P:  Page setup: Display a window for selecting document settings.
  • Shift-Command-S: Display the Save As dialog, or duplicate the current document.
  • Shift–Command–Minus sign (-): Decrease the size of the selected item.
  • Shift–Command–Plus sign (+): Increase the size of the selected item. Command–Equal sign (=) performs the same function.
  • Shift–Command–Question mark (?): Open the Help menu.

Other shortcuts

For more shortcuts, check the shortcut abbreviations shown in the menus of your apps. Every app can have its own shortcuts, and shortcuts that work in one app might not work in another. 

Published Date: 

Источник: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201236

Blue Heaven

An ancient range, a stainless steel sink and a century-old history of entertaining the islanders sat inside the shuttered blue building on Petronia Street in the heart of old Key West, in the Florida Keys.

On September 19, 1992 Suanne the artist and Richard the writer cooked and served black beans, rice, and fish to their first lunch customers on the painted picnic tables under the tropical almond tree in our fine outdoor dining area.

One hundred years earlier, the owners of the Dade County Pine structure sold spirits to Key West and Florida Keys residents. Through the years the property has hosted cock fighting, gambling and Friday night boxing matches refereed by Ernest Hemingway.

The outdoor courtyard is paved with the slate pool table tops from the days the downstairs operated as a billiard hall and ice cream parlour.

A dance hall, a bordello and a playhouse have occupied the second floor. Today inside the Bordello Gallery above the restaurant, one can still peek through the sliding peep holes into the tiny rooms.

The current business saga began with no money down, some gardening tools and Mom's church cookbook. Seas permitting, Suanne, Richard and baby motored in daily to their Key West restaurant from their houseboat home on the farside of Christmas Tree Island. The duo slowly built up their lunch counter business. With the addition of breakfast and a $2 special they eventually hit the $100 gross sales a day plateau, sometimes. Rain played havoc with their dinghy and the outdoor business.

One and a half years later Richard lured his brother Dan down from his chef's position at the Carolina Inn in Chapel Hill, N.C. A formally educated chef, who started in the restaurant business at age 14, Dan wasted no time taking over dinner at the Key West restaurants. The fish plate turned into Black Grouper seared with dried herbs and served with a key lime honey glaze and a warm cucumber and red onion salad. Chef Dan's food always tasted great. Most of the numerous former kitchen employees would readily attest to Dan's exacting care for food. The specialties are Caribbean cuisine, sea food and vegetarian dishes.

Journalist Charles Kuralt said Dan's scallop sauce "would make cardboard taste good."  Accolades have come in from around the world for this most unique of Key West restaurants.

Enjoy the food and ambiance and keep an eye out for falling almonds, Spanish limes, coconuts, and roosters. Finally, no swinging from the water tower on the rope swing!!!

Источник: https://blueheavenkw.com/

: Are the keys open

Where can i load money onto my chime card
Are the keys open
ALICE TV SERIES POLLY HOLLIDAY
WHAT IS A HOME REMEDY FOR A BAD TOOTHACHE

Florida Keys reopen to visitors after devastating coronavirus shutdown; Miami-area beaches closed


Curt Anderson and Lynne Sladky 

Australian Open 2021 - Madison Keys tests positive for coronavirus, unlikely to play in Melbourne

World number 16 Madison Keys has confirmed she’s tested positive for Covid-19 and could miss the Australian Open.

The former semi-finalist in Melbourne says she found out about the result shortly before she was due to fly Australia, and will now begin a period of self-isolation.

Ad

Keys has become the second player on Thursday to confirm a positive case, after Andy Murray.

US Open women

Keys forced www el dorado savings bank are the keys open from US Open third-round match with neck injury

06/09/2020 AT 07:21

Unlike Britain’s former world number one, who still hopes to make the first Grand Slam of the year, Keys has appeared to give up on her chances of playing in Melbourne.

“I’m very disappointed to not be able to play in the coming weeks after training hard in the off-season and knowing Tennis Australia and the tours did so much to make these events happen,” she said in a tweet.

I am self-isolating at home and will continue to follow all the necessary health precautions. I look forward to being back on tour next month.

Keys has not given an update on whether she is showing any symptoms for the virus.

Players are this week starting to travel to Australia with their teams on specially chartered flights around the world. Each arrival will have to quarantine in one of three designated hotels for 14 days, where they will be allowed to train on court at specifically allocated times, to avoid mixing with others.

The tournament is due to start on February 8, one month later than originally scheduled.

WTA Brisbane

Pliskova outlasts Keys for third Brisbane title

12/01/2020 AT 09:58

WTA Osaka

Kerber secures Pan Pacific Open semi-final spot as Keys retires injured

20/09/2019 AT 16:25

Источник: https://www.eurosport.co.uk/tennis/australian-open/2021/australian-open-2021-madison-keys-tests-positive-for-coronavirus-unlikely-to-play-in-melbourne_sto8066977/story.shtml

Blue Heaven

An ancient range, a stainless steel sink and a century-old history of entertaining the islanders sat inside the shuttered blue building on Petronia Street in the heart of old Key West, in the Florida Keys.

On September 19, 1992 Suanne the artist and Richard the writer cooked and served black beans, rice, and fish to their first lunch customers on the painted picnic tables under the tropical almond tree in our fine outdoor dining area.

One hundred years earlier, the owners of the Dade County Pine structure sold spirits to Key West and Florida Keys residents. Through the years the property has hosted cock fighting, gambling and Friday night boxing are the keys open refereed by Ernest Hemingway.

The outdoor courtyard is paved with the slate pool table tops from the days the downstairs operated as a billiard hall and ice cream parlour.

A dance hall, a bordello and a playhouse have occupied the second floor. Today inside the Bordello Gallery above the restaurant, one can still peek through the sliding peep holes into the tiny rooms.

The current business saga began with no money down, some gardening tools and Mom's church cookbook. Seas permitting, Suanne, Richard and baby motored in daily to their Key West restaurant from their houseboat home are the keys open the farside of Christmas Tree Island. The duo slowly built up their lunch counter business. With the addition of breakfast and a $2 special they eventually hit the $100 gross sales a adams community bank online banking plateau, sometimes. Rain played havoc with their dinghy are the keys open the outdoor business.

One and a half years later Richard lured his brother Dan down from his chef's position at the Carolina Inn in Chapel Hill, N.C. A formally educated chef, who started in the restaurant business at age 14, Dan wasted no time taking over dinner at the Key West restaurants. The fish plate turned into Black Grouper seared with dried herbs and served with a key lime honey glaze and a warm cucumber and red onion salad. Chef Dan's food always tasted great. Most of the numerous former kitchen employees would readily attest to Dan's exacting care for food. The specialties are Caribbean cuisine, sea food and vegetarian dishes.

Journalist Charles Kuralt said Dan's scallop sauce "would make cardboard taste good."  Accolades have come in from around the world for this most unique of Key West restaurants.

Enjoy the food and ambiance and keep an eye out for falling almonds, Spanish limes, coconuts, and roosters. Finally, no swinging from the water tower on the rope swing!!!

Источник: https://blueheavenkw.com/
): Center align.
  • Option-Command-F: Go to the search field. 
  • Option-Command-T: Show or hide a toolbar in the app.
  • Option-Command-C: Copy Style: Copy the formatting settings of the selected item to the Clipboard.
  • Option-Command-V: Paste Style: Apply the copied style to the selected item.
  • Option-Shift-Command-V: Paste and Match Style: Apply the style of the surrounding content to the item pasted within that content.
  • Option-Command-I: Show or hide the inspector window.
  • Shift-Command-P:  Page setup: Display a window for selecting document settings.
  • Shift-Command-S: Display the Save As dialog, or duplicate the current document.
  • Shift–Command–Minus sign (-): Decrease the size of the selected item.
  • Shift–Command–Plus sign (+): Increase the size of the selected item. Command–Equal sign (=) performs the same function.
  • Shift–Command–Question mark (?): Open the Help menu.
  • Other shortcuts

    For more shortcuts, check the shortcut abbreviations shown in the menus of your apps. Every app can have its own shortcuts, and shortcuts that work in one app might not work in another. 

    Published Date: 

    Источник: https://support.apple.com/en-us/HT201236

    Mac keyboard shortcuts

    By pressing certain key combinations, you can do things that normally need a mouse, trackpad, or other input device.

    To use a keyboard shortcut, press and hold one or more modifier keys and then press the last key of the shortcut. For example, to use Command-C (copy), press and hold the Command key, then the C key, then release both keys. Mac menus and keyboards often use symbols for certain keys, including modifier keys:

    • Command (or Cmd) ⌘
    • Shift ⇧
    • Option (or Alt) ⌥
    • Control (or Ctrl) ⌃


    On keyboards made for Windows PCs, use the Alt key instead of Option, and the Windows logo key instead of Command.

    Some keys on some Apple keyboards have special symbols and functions, such as for display brightness , keyboard brightness , Mission Control, and more. If these functions aren't available on your keyboard, you might be able to reproduce some of them by creating your own keyboard shortcuts. To use these keys as F1, F2, F3, or other standard function keys, combine them with the Fn key.

    Cut, copy, paste, and other common shortcuts

    • Command-X: Cut the selected item and copy it to the Clipboard.
    • Command-C: Copy the selected item to the Clipboard. This also works for files in the Finder.
    • Command-V: Paste the contents of the Clipboard into chase bank chicago avenue evanston current document or app. This also works for files in the Finder.
    • Command-Z: Undo the previous command. You can then press Shift-Command-Z to Redo, reversing the undo command. In some apps, you can undo and redo multiple commands.
    • Command-A: Select All items.
    • Command-F: Find items in a document or open a Find window.
    • Command-G: Find Again: Find the next occurrence of are the keys open item previously found. To find the previous occurrence, press Shift-Command-G.
    • Command-H: Hide the windows of the front app. To view the front app but hide all other apps, press Option-Command-H.
    • Command-M: Minimize the front window to the Dock. To minimize all windows of the front app, press Option-Command-M.
    • Command-O: Open the selected item, or open a dialog to select a file to open.
    • Command-P: Print the current document.
    • Command-S: Save the current document.
    • Command-T: Open a new tab.
    • Command-W: Close the front window. To close all windows of the app, press Option-Command-W.
    • Option-Command-Esc: Force quit an app.
    • Command–Space bar: Show or hide the Spotlight search field. Are the keys open perform a Spotlight search from a Finder window, press Command–Option–Space bar. (If you use multiple input sources to type in different languages, these shortcuts change input sources instead of showing Spotlight. Learn how to change a conflicting keyboard shortcut.)
    • Control–Command–Space bar: Show the Character Viewer, from which you can choose emoji and other symbols.
    • Control-Command-F: Use the app in full screen, if supported by the app.
    • Space bar: Use Quick Look to preview the selected item.
    • Command-Tab: Switch to the next most recently used app among your open apps. 
    • Shift-Command-5: In macOS Mojave or later, take a screenshot or make a screen recording. Or use Shift-Command-3 or Shift-Command-4 for screenshots. Learn more about screenshots.
    • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder in the Finder.
    • Command-Comma (,): Open preferences for the front app.

    Sleep, log out, and shut down shortcuts

    You might need to press and hold some of these shortcuts for slightly longer than other shortcuts. This helps you to avoid using them unintentionally.

    * Does not apply to the Touch ID sensor.

    Finder and system shortcuts

    • Command-D: Duplicate the selected files.
    • Command-E: Eject the selected disk or volume.
    • Command-F: Start a Spotlight search in the Finder window.
    • Command-I: Show the Get Info window for a selected file.
    • Command-R: (1) When an alias is selected in the Finder: show the original file for the selected alias. (2) In some apps, such as Calendar or Safari, refresh or reload the page. are the keys open In Software Update preferences, check for software updates again.
    • Shift-Command-C: Open the Computer window.
    • Shift-Command-D: Open the desktop folder.
    • Shift-Command-F: Open the Recents window, showing all of the files you viewed or changed recently.
    • Shift-Command-G: Open a Go to Folder window.
    • Shift-Command-H: Open the Home folder of the current macOS user account.
    • Shift-Command-I: Open iCloud Drive.
    • Shift-Command-K: Open the Network window.
    • Option-Command-L: Open the Downloads folder.
    • Shift-Command-N: Create a new folder.
    • Shift-Command-O: Open the Documents folder.
    • Shift-Command-P: Show or hide the Preview pane in Finder windows.
    • Shift-Command-R: Open the AirDrop window.
    • Shift-Command-T: Show or hide the tab bar in Finder windows. 
    • Control-Shift-Command-T: Add selected Finder item to the Dock (OS X Mavericks or later)
    • Shift-Command-U: Open the Utilities folder.
    • Option-Command-D: Show or hide the Dock. 
    • Control-Command-T: Add the selected item to the sidebar (OS X Mavericks or later).
    • Option-Command-P: Hide or show the chase order checks free bar in Finder windows.
    • Option-Command-S: Hide or show the Sidebar in Finder windows.
    • Command–Slash (/): Hide or show the status bar in Finder windows.
    • Command-J: Show View Options.
    • Command-K: Open the Connect to Server window.
    • Control-Command-A: Make an alias of the selected item.
    • Command-N: Open a new Finder window.
    • Option-Command-N: Create a new Smart Folder.
    • Command-T: Show or hide the are the keys open bar when a single tab is open in the current Finder window.
    • Option-Command-T: Show or hide the toolbar when a are the keys open tab is open in the current Finder window.
    • Option-Command-V: Move the files in the Clipboard from their original location to the current location.
    • Command-Y: Use Quick Look to preview the selected files.
    • Option-Command-Y: View a Quick Look slideshow of the selected files.
    • Command-1: View the items in the Finder window as icons.
    • Command-2: View the items in a Finder window as a list.
    • Command-3: View the items in a Finder window in columns. 
    • Command-4: View the items in a Finder window in a gallery.
    • Command–Left Bracket ([): Go to the previous folder.
    • Command–Right Bracket (]): Go to the next folder.
    • Command–Up Arrow: Open the folder that contains the current folder.
    • Command–Control–Up Arrow: Open the folder that contains the current folder in a new window.
    • Command–Down Arrow: Open the selected item.
    • Right Arrow: Open the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
    • Left Arrow: Close the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
    • Command-Delete: Move the selected item to the Trash.
    • Shift-Command-Delete: Empty the Trash.
    • Option-Shift-Command-Delete: Empty the Trash without confirmation dialog.
    • Command–Brightness Down: Turn video mirroring on or off when your Mac is connected to more than one display.
    • Option–Brightness Up: Open Displays preferences. This works with either Brightness key.
    • Control–Brightness Up are the keys open Control–Brightness Down: Change the brightness of your external display, if supported by your display.
    • Option–Shift–Brightness Up or Option–Shift–Brightness Down: Adjust the display brightness in smaller steps. Add the Control key to this shortcut to make the adjustment on your external display, if supported by your display.
    • Option–Mission Control: Open Mission Control preferences.
    • Command–Mission Control: Show the desktop. 
    • Control–Down Arrow: Show all windows of the front app.
    • Option–Volume Up: Open Sound preferences. This works with any of the volume keys.
    • Option–Shift–Volume Up or Option–Shift–Volume Down: Adjust the sound volume in smaller steps.
    • Option–Keyboard Brightness Up: Open Keyboard preferences. This works with either Keyboard Brightness key.
    • Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness Up or Option–Shift–Keyboard Brightness Down: Adjust the keyboard brightness in smaller steps.
    • Option key while double-clicking: Open the item in a separate window, then close the original window.
    • Command key while double-clicking: Open a folder in a separate tab or window.
    • Command key while dragging to another volume: Move the dragged item to the other volume, instead of copying it. 
    • Option key while dragging: Copy the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
    • Option-Command while dragging: Make an alias of the dragged item. The pointer changes while you drag the item.
    • Option-click a disclosure triangle: Open all folders within the selected folder. This works only when in list view.
    • Command-click a window title: See the folders that contain the current folder.
    • Learn how to use Command or Shift to select multiple items in the Finder. 
    • Click the Go menu in the Finder menu bar to see shortcuts for opening many commonly used folders, such as Applications, Documents, Downloads, Utilities, and iCloud Drive.

    Document shortcuts

    The behavior of these shortcuts may vary with the app you're using.

    • Command-B: Boldface the selected text, or turn boldfacing on or off. 
    • Command-I: Italicize the selected text, or turn italics on or off.
    • Command-K: Add a web link.
    • Command-U: Underline the selected text, or turn underlining on or off.
    • Command-T: Show or hide the Fonts window.
    • Command-D: Select the Desktop folder from within an Open dialog or Save dialog.
    • Control-Command-D: Show or hide the definition of the selected word.
    • Shift-Command-Colon (:): Display the Spelling and Grammar window.
    • Command-Semicolon (;): Find misspelled words in the document.
    • Option-Delete: Delete the word to the left of the insertion point.
    • Control-H: Delete the character to the left of the insertion point. Or use Delete.
    • Control-D: Delete the character to the right of the insertion point. Or use Fn-Delete.
    • Fn-Delete: Forward delete on keyboards that don't have a Forward Delete   key. Or use Control-D.
    • Control-K: Delete the text between the insertion point and the end of the line or paragraph.
    • Fn–Up Arrow: Page Up: Scroll up one page. 
    • Fn–Down Arrow: Page Down: Scroll down one page.
    • Fn–Left Arrow: Home: Scroll to the beginning of a document.
    • Fn–Right Arrow: End: Scroll to the end of a document.
    • Command–Up Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the document.
    • Command–Down Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the document.
    • Command–Left Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the current line.
    • Command–Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the current line.
    • Option–Left Arrow: Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word.
    • Option–Right Arrow: Move the insertion point to the end of the next word.
    • Shift–Command–Up Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the document.
    • Shift–Command–Down Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the document.
    • Shift–Command–Left Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the beginning of the current line.
    • Shift–Command–Right Arrow: Select the text between the insertion point and the end of the current line.
    • Shift–Up Arrow: Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line above.
    • Shift–Down Arrow: Extend text selection to the nearest character at the same horizontal location on the line below.
    • Shift–Left Arrow: Extend text selection one character to the left.
    • Shift–Right Arrow: Extend text selection one character to the right.
    • Option–Shift–Up Arrow: Extend text selection to the beginning of the current paragraph, then to the beginning of the following paragraph if pressed again.
    • Option–Shift–Down Arrow: Extend text selection to the end of the current paragraph, then to the end of the following paragraph if pressed again.
    • Option–Shift–Left Arrow: Extend text selection to the beginning of the current word, then to the beginning of the following word are the keys open pressed again.
    • Option–Shift–Right Arrow: Extend text selection to the end of the current word, then to the end of the following word if pressed again.
    • Control-A: Move to the beginning of the line or paragraph.
    • Control-E: Move to the end of a line or paragraph.
    • Control-F: Move one character forward.
    • Control-B: Move one character backward.
    • Control-L: Center the cursor or selection in the visible area.
    • Control-P: Move up one line.
    • Control-N: Move down one line.
    • Control-O: Insert a new line after the insertion point.
    • Control-T: Swap the character behind the insertion point with the character in front of the insertion point.
    • Command–Left Curly Bracket ({): Left align.
    • Command–Right Curly Bracket (}): Right align.
    • Shift–Command–Vertical bar (

    4 Replies to “Are the keys open”

    1. Sir, I'm studying in b pharm 2nd year, I wanted loan from 2nd year can I apply for it? I found ur video very useful and thank you sir for ur efforts.

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