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steam-youtube Makuch, B. (2019, July 11). Motherboard. https://www.vice.com/en/article/mb8y3x/the-nazi-free-alternative-to- M. (2020, July 16). YouTube latest version: The YouTube mobile app. The video keeps playing at the bottom of your screen even if you go back to the home page. Website: https://www.bitdeergroup.com/. Industries: Internet. Company size: 201-500 employees. Headquarters: Singapore. Type: Sole Proprietorship.

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Latest Odds: Atlanta Falcons +10.5

Matt Ryan and Tom Brady met a very long time ago in a Super Bowl in Houston and things happened. I would question if Brady cares about it, but he constantly trolls the Falcons over coughing up a 28-3 lead in that game despite it being a long time ago and Brady winning multiple Super Bowls with multiple teams since. Obviously this Buccaneers team is much better than this Falcons team. But it's still a division matchup and the Bucs don't beat Atlanta by 20+ points the last time out if it's not for multiple pick-sixes. The Falcons aren't very good, but they should be able to keep this inside double digits.

The Pick: Buccaneers 28, Falcons 21

Props, Best Bets: Pass

Giants at Dolphins

Sunday, 1 p.m. ET
TV:
Fox   Stream: fuboTV (click here)  

Latest Odds: Miami Dolphins -7

It's looking like Daniel Jones won't be playing in this game, which means it's Mike Glennon SZN. More interesting to me is the hype the Dolphins are getting these days. It feels a little out of hand relative to how they were being treated just four weeks ago. The defense is playing a lot better and Miami finally figured out how to fashion an offense around Tua Tagovailoa. But the Giants have an above-average defense and one that matches up well with what the Dolphins want to do. I think the G-men pull off a semi-stunner here.

The Pick: Giants 21, Dolphins 17

Props, Best Bets: Giants +4

Ravens at Steelers

Sunday, 4:25 p.m. ET
TV: 
CBS  YouTube Repeat

Welcome to ListenOnRepeat, the best site to repeat Youtube videos, discover new music, trending podcasts, and stream radio you'll love and share it with the world. The ListenOnRepeat community was created with a simple, yet powerful vision: you should only have to hit play once to loop YouTube videos. We had this idea back when the internet had no easy way to listen to the same song over and over again or watch your favorite music artist like Maroon 5 on repeat, so we created ListenOnRepeat - and to help you discover videos so addictive you'll want to listen on repeat. ListenOnRepeat has evolved into a thriving video discovery and a global YouTube loop fan community. We'll build you weekly discovery playlists of music based on your music listening and write exclusive content about new music videos and artists. Create your own playlists, save (heart) your favorite songs, start and stop your youtube video, and so much more. So go ahead and repeat that song you just can't get out of your head. We are here now to help you find even more content you'll love. And don’t forget to follow us on social media to learn about the latest music and trends. So what are you waiting for? Pick a video and put it on repeat. Join the LOR community today and happy Listen on Repeat. Listen on https://listenonrepeat.com/?v=ieJCoRs0Fqs#Wel_e_to_Listenonrepeat  

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Latest Odds: Buffalo Bills -2.5

Bill Belichick remembers what the Bills did in New England on a Monday night last year, flexing on the Patriots and letting them know the division was changing hands. Buffalo ran up the score and humiliated Belichick on national television. This year's New England team doesn't have the firepower to bludgeon Josh Allen and the Bills, but Belichick's defense can throw a lot more at Allen than last year. The Pats are rolling right now and I think they keep it going here in prime time.

The Pick: Patriots 21, Bills 17

Props, Best Bets: Patriots +3

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Источник: https://www.cbssports.com/nfl/news/nfl-week-13-picks-odds-patriots-edge-bills-for-seventh-straight-win-giants-upset-dolphins-with-mike-glennon/

NFL Week 13 picks, odds: Giants upset Dolphins with Mike Glennon, Patriots edge Bills for seventh straight win

We've drifted back into the weird zone of big faves, an uncomfortable spot when you're trying to pick winners of football games. If we're talking about an NFL week with multiple games above seven points AND multiple games above 10 points, well, it's going to be hard to bet. 

Take Jags-Rams or Bucs-Falcons as an example. We have two objectively terrible teams against two subjectively good teams. The spread in both games is double digits, so unless you think Jacksonville or Atlanta are better (you don't and if you do you're lying), you're basically relying on luck at the end of the game. 

Of course weird things happen -- the Jags took down Buffalo while scoring nine points. The Titans have four losses and two of them are to the Jets and Texans. I'm not saying giant upsets can't happen or bad teams can't hang with good teams. My point is just trying to pick a week with a ton of huge spreads is kind of an exercise in futility. 

We're not quite at the point where teams will roll over, although we're getting close. Week 13 can provide plenty of chaos -- and speaking of chaos have you watched South Park's new special on Paramount+ (click here) because if not you should -- and it feels like a dangerous week to be heavy on chalk. 

All NFL odds are via Caesars Sportsbook

NFL Week 13 Picks

Cowboys at Saints

Thursday, 8:20 p.m. ET
TV:
 Fox/NFL Network  YouTube Loop

youtube api documentation This will provide you with a client_id and a client_secret that you'll use to identify your application to Genius. 6 . parser can be any function that takes a dictionary as input. Python version. The evolution of your API’s functionality is inevitable, but the headache of maintaining API docs doesn’t have to be. com/dashboard/v1/videos: Create a new video: PATCH https://api. Copy this API Key. Use the API to upload videos, manage playlists and subscriptions, update channel settings, and more. Download the file for your platform. Jun 11, 2019 · YouTube Data API (v3) Add YouTube features to your application, including the ability to upload videos, create and manage playlists, and more. fm API allows anyone to build their own programs using Last. #Last. Loading API Playground. Convert Youtube Videos to MP3. GUIDs and Descriptors. Youtube uses continous pagination and the next page token can be found in the SerpApi JSON response serpapi_pagination -> next_page_token and pagination -> next_page_token fields. Create a User Interface. This is necessary in order to make requests to the Youtube Data API. Requests without this key will respond with one of those nasty 400 codes. Configure Your App with the Videos You Want. Link to full playlist (13 videos) https://www. Get started Read Documentation. Pull requests let you tell others about changes you've pushed to a branch in a repository on GitHub. NET client library. parsers. Nov 08, 2021 · YouTube Transcript/Subtitle API (including automatically generated subtitles and subtitle translations) This is a python API which allows you to get the transcript/subtitles for a given YouTube video. XML API guide has two conceptual topics: GUIDs and descriptors. Api from youtube allows you to watch a video from youtube on the devices (Android and IOS) using TotalCross. Click Enable. and Semi-Fungible Tokens, OpenSea provides a first-in-class developer platform consisting of an API, SDK, and developer Bing Search API documentation. Bing Search API documentation. Parameter can also be used to filter the search results: by Upload date, you need to set the sp parameter to CAI%3D. Here is an example URL that retrieves the latest videos from a channel: Oct 07, 2019 · Add the following to your . Language: 🇺🇸 English. Programming reference for the Win32 API. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t API Reference: The StatSocial API is organized around REST. youtube. Swagger UI for visualizing APIs youtube_api library API docs, for the Dart programming language. 1 and newer will be easier to use due to this change. Files for youtube_dl, version 2021. You could also make the requests yourself. Build next-gen apps with. 🇫🇷 Apr 26, 2018 · Code samples for YouTube APIs, including the YouTube Data API, YouTube Analytics API, and YouTube Live Streaming API. Aug 22, 2019 · Due to technical constraints, we are only able to document API Version 4. Creating youtube_api library API docs, for the Dart programming language. YouTube’s API is known for completeness and clarity, and allows developers to easily understand how the API works. activities. In the most common scenario you only need to Using OAuth 2. The API documentation also adheres to the language formatting rules set by the styles and standards. youtube_api library API docs, for the Dart programming language. Note that you can use the same API key for each Fire TV app you create (assuming each channel belongs to the same YouTube account). Select API key under Create credentials. Reference documentation. By default, Amazon Creator gets all the videos from your YouTube channel. We believe the documentation for API Version 4. Rating: 4. Apr 17, 2017 · The Stack Overflow Documentation of [youtube-api] is, at this point, not very advanced, to say the least. The Inventory API has the following entities: Location: a seller must have at least one store or warehouse inventory location set up before that seller can start creating and publishing offers with the Inventory API. Dependency Free The UI works in any development environment, be it locally or in the web Human Friendly Allow end developers to effortlessly interact and try out every single operation your API exposes for easy consumption Easy to Navigate Quickly find and work with resources and endpoints with neatly categorized documentation All Browser Support Cater to every possible scenario with Swagger Marketing API. New in version 0. Get started Implementation guide. It’s written in Go (aka Golang) and developed by bep, spf13 and friends. To get started with advertising on Facebook, we recommend you learn about Facebook's Ad Campaign Structure, to understand the objects you're working with and how they relate to each other. Use these as templates to build your own custom parsers, or use the youtube_api. All endpoints are available via https and are located at api. YouTube API Documentation. Formal reference documentation for Firebase SDKs, Firebase REST APIs, and Firebase tools. 0 allows applications to obtain access to Zoom resources (such as the user’s profile information) that are made available via the Zoom API. Data API overview Introduction. To learn how to get your credentials and create private/public applications, read our Authorization Guide . 3: Added endpoint. The YouTube Data API offers read and write access to YouTube's content. Overview. . Usage of the Tumblr API is rate limited in a few ways, but we respond with a 429 Limit Exceeded response whenever a consumer hits one of these limits. You should read about them in sections GUIDs Overview and Descriptors Overview to efficiently work with the protocol. YouTube Analytics API Retrieve viewing statistics, Welcome to Simple YouTube API’s documentation!¶ Simple YouTube API is a YouTube API wrapper that supports uploading, fetching and updating videos and bunch of other basic YouTube features. API Access. On a computer, go to the YouTube video or playlist you want to embed. Next, from the left menu click on the Credentials. You can browse a list of popular technologies on this page, or you can browse the full list of technologies in the table of contents. youtube. YouTube WordPress Plugin - Gallery, Channel, Playlist, Live stream, Live Chat, Full Visual Customization Wizard, Advanced Gallery Customization, Faster Page Loads (Caching), Featured Thumbnail Images, Automatic Video SEO Markup, Eye-catching (Lazy) Loading Effects, Mobile Compatibility Check, Fine-grained Volume Initialization, Priority Support, User-friendly Analytics Dashboard, Deleted Video YouTube Data API. The redirect_uri is used for authenticating Genius users with your application. lightbulb. API Reference: The StatSocial API is organized around REST. Offering exceptional quality out of the box, it’s highly efficient for common use cases and improves over time as new concepts are introduced. vidyard. Rating: 5 - Votes: 1 Home > Youtube66. I am a content partner and i'm working with a developer to create a system, we're able to make content owner report calls on the analytics Api, so i know my authentication works and i'm allowed to view and turn on the Content Partner API in the API console. You can change it later. To sort out all the incoming requests, and for quota purposes, Google mandates that everyone supplies "API credentials" with each message. Swagger tools takes the hard work out of generating and maintaining your API docs, ensuring your documentation stays up-to-date as your API evolves. com/playlist?list=PLnBvgoOXZNCN0E_oNPrY1wfPhYIXpKbMS What is Swagger?The goal of Swagger™ is to define YouTube API Documentation. Our API is designed to have predictable, resource-oriented URLs and to use HTTP response codes to indicate API errors. As the first and largest marketplace for Non-Fungible Tokens Non-Fungible Tokens - A token that is unique among peers. Click SHARE. com/dashboard/v1/videos/:id DEPRECATED: Update a Apr 28, 2013 · Feb 22, 2013. First, visit the Genius API Client management page and create an API client for your application. The Last. ; From the list of Share options, click Embed. Resource Description; POST https://api. fm data. The Zoom API allows developers to access information from Zoom. YouTube is a social media platform that is often overlooked in academic research. TubePress needs to regularly communicate with YouTube on your behalf. insert. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Video Intelligence API has pre-trained machine learning models that automatically recognize a vast number of objects, places, and actions in stored and streaming video. Download files. Useful for media players that accept HTTP URLs. zoom. Youtube API. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Follow this documentation, try making some calls, read the examples and code samples and make the best out of dailymotion-hosted content! Tip: use one API key per application/project to separate usages. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t A way to host your own API that converts youtube video's to mp3/mp4 and returns a download/stream link and information. Below you will find some of the most common and helpful pages from our documentation. 0. Filename, size. Every inventory location must also have a seller-defined merchant location key value. Once a pull request is opened, you can discuss and review the potential changes with collaborators and add follow-up commits before your changes are merged into the base branch. html file: At this point, your page should look like this: Get your API key. Apps can request access to specific data within the API by enumerating the data requirements within the access array. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t In conjunction with the YouTube Player APIs and the YouTube Analytics API, the API lets your application provide a full-fledged YouTube experience that includes search and discovery, content creation, video playback, account management, and viewer statistics. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Jan 28, 2014 · Once you have the YouTube API working there are obviously a ton of additional things you can do with it. You will find there documentation about how the API can be accessed. With the YouTube Data API, you can add a variety of YouTube features to your application. Next - Documentation. The repo contains language-specific directories that contain the samples. 1 REST API documentation. API docs for the YoutubeAPI class from the youtube_api library, for the Dart programming language. This package seeks to make this data source more accessible, while introducing new applications and methods to analyze this platform. patreon. In this article, I will explain about authentication, video feeds, displaying feeds and pagination. The following sections provide an overview on the OAuth protocol. Find Firebase reference docs under the Reference tab at the top of the page. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Type youtube in the search box, and then select YouTube Data API v3. and Semi-Fungible Tokens, OpenSea provides a first-in-class developer platform consisting of an API, SDK, and developer Open Source Good for advanced Swagger users Downloadable community-driven tools Read More SwaggerHub Free Great for individuals & teams getting started with Swagger All Open Source tools capabilities, no download required Hosted API Documentation Centralized Definition Storage API Mocking Read More SwaggerHub Pro Great for teams to streamline your API development All SwaggerHub Free As the first and largest marketplace for Non-Fungible Tokens Non-Fungible Tokens - A token that is unique among peers. OpenAI’s powerful models. Type youtube in the search box, and then select YouTube Data API v3. OAuth 2. Hugo Documentation. YouTube Data API. Parameter can be used for pagination. The first one, GUIDs, concerns identifying objects in Plesk, and the second one defines a way to retrieve currently supported object properties. Posts a bulletin for a specific channel. Contents: Install the server. I often have custom event tracking set up with Google Analytics – so I can detect when a video is started and how many watch the whole thing (or to a certain point within the video). We built the Vimeo API to adhere to REST principles and practices. Feb 22, 2021 · Enable the YouTube Data API. We use built-in HTTP features, like HTTP authentication and HTTP ve Documentation From Your API Design. Obviously I can't speak for you, but I personally always try to consult the official documentation provided by the creator/maintainer of a service or product (that is, if I am confident that said entity is providing high-quality and most importantly up-to-date documentation, which is the GIS: Understanding QGIS API documentationHelpful? Please support me on Patreon: https://www. Navigate to the google developers console. Extract the info and redirect to the URL of the first video found for the requested URL. ; From the box that appears, copy the HTML code. Dependency Free The UI works in any development environment, be it locally or in the web Human Friendly Allow end developers to effortlessly interact and try out every single operation your API exposes for easy consumption Easy to Navigate Quickly find and work with resources and endpoints with neatly categorized documentation All Browser Support Cater to every possible scenario with Swagger youtube-dl-api-server’s documentation¶. . The Dailymotion Data API is a simple way to access, publish and modify data on Dailymotion. The access array data will be available to users (when asking for access permission) and as part of the API key request. Access YouTube data via GraphQL interface. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Every function from the youtube_api. The Win32 API reference documentation is presented in several different views. Find out more about how you can plug directly into our vast database or browse the list of methods on the left. Read the documentation on our wiki: We have tried to keep things as easy as possible. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t YouTube MP3 API Documentation. Add YouTube functionality to your site. 3 - Votes: 6 Home > Youtube Mp36. Embed YouTube videos into your website, search videos, playlist data, playlist items, trending video, and subscription list without any server setup or coding. Accepts the same parameters as GET /api/info. You can use this API to build private services or public applications on the Zoom App Marketplace. Embed a video or playlist. TubePress Pro documentation. com/playlist?list=PLnBvgoOXZNCN0E_oNPrY1wfPhYIXpKbMS What is Swagger?The goal of Swagger™ is to define GIS: Understanding QGIS API documentationHelpful? Please support me on Patreon: https://www. Input parameters. REST, or representational state transfer, is an architectural style or design philosophy for interacting with online resources (like videos) using standard HTTP methods, including GET, POST, and PATCH. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t You need to look at the YouTube Data API. File type. Inventory Item: before a product can be youtube_api library API docs, for the Dart programming language. While Fungible tokens are equivalent and interchangeable (like Ether) Non-Fungible Tokens are unique and distinct, like deeds of ownership, or collectibles. If you are working in TFS or are looking for the older versions of REST APIs, you can take a look at the Pre-Version 4. youtube_api class has an argument for parser. us/v2/. 1 and newer using this method. The Bing Search APIs let you build web-connected apps and services that find webpages, images, news, locations, and more without advertisements. Get youtube data without any youtube data api key. A user must give permission before an app will be granted the API credentials required for access. Users can perform unauthenticated requests to Google Data feeds to retrieve feeds of popular videos, comments, public information about YouTube user profiles, user playlists, favorites, subscriptions and so on. About pull requests →. To understand how our API behaves take a look at these pages showing the details of the API calls and responses: API methods. YouTube API. As we are going to get a YouTube video list by keyword, let’s build a simple form where user can enter their keyword. Language: 🇺🇸 English Youtube v3 API Documentation. fm Music Discovery API. We use an Open API (Swagger) standard to create the reference API documentation along with supporting platforms like GitHub and Drupal CMS. To browse all of the headers, see the list at the bottom of the table of contents. Here are the default parser fucntions for each function. There is a global rate limit for all usage of the API per consumer, as well as a few per-feature rate limits, such as how many posts you can make per day. Marketing APIs are a collection of Graph API endpoints that can be used to help you advertise on Facebook. GIS: Understanding QGIS API documentationHelpful? Please support me on Patreon: https://www. We use built-in HTTP features, like HTTP authentication and HTTP ve Rate Limits. OpenAI’s API provides access to GPT-3, which performs a wide variety of natural language tasks, and Codex, which translates natural language to code. Using pip; From source; App Engine; Heroku; youtube-dl-server youtube_api library API docs, for the Dart programming language. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Jan 07, 2011 · This is a client application which interacts with Youtube using Youtube API 1. Integrate the musixmatch service with your web site or application. You can also find client libraries. NOTE: The Vimeo API is a REST API. They also have a nice navigation left panel for easily accessing documentation of the implementation of various resources, which I personally felt was very beneficial. Hugo is the world’s fastest static website engine. 17 YouTube is a social media platform that is often overlooked in academic research. com/roelvandepaarWith thanks & praise to God, and with t Nov 08, 2021 · YouTube Transcript/Subtitle API (including automatically generated subtitles and subtitle translations) This is a python API which allows you to get the transcript/subtitles for a given YouTube video. youtube-data-api Documentation, Release 0. This client is built for GET requests from public data on YouTube. 6. The Sabre API documentation style guide is written to the standards and applicable requirements. If you're not sure which to choose, learn more about installing packages. Sep 25, 2015 · Trying to find the documentation for the YouTube Content partner API. raw_json() or None as the parser argument for the raw API youtube-data-api Documentation, Release 0. youtube api documentation

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Источник: https://livemedicine.com.br/alb26o/youtube-api-documentation.html

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Home youtube https m youtube com app m
Home youtube https m youtube com app m
Stream: fuboTV (click here)  

Latest Odds: home youtube https m youtube com app m Kansas City Chiefs -8.5

You know how the song goes. An-dy Reid, off the bye! An-dy Reid, off the bye! Enough said.

The Pick: Chiefs 28, Broncos 17

Props, Best Bets: Under

Patriots at Bills

Monday, 8:15 p.m. ET
TV: 
ESPN 

YouTube

Online video platform owned by Google

Not to be confused with YouTube (channel).

The YouTube logo is made of a red round-rectangular box with a white "play" button inside and the word "YouTube" written in black.

Logo since 2017

Screenshot

YouTube homepage.png

YouTube's front page on November 14, 2021

Type of businessSubsidiary

Type of site

Online video platform
FoundedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Headquarters901 Cherry Avenue
San Bruno, California,

United States

Area servedWorldwide (excluding blocked countries)
Founder(s)
Key peopleSusan Wojcicki (CEO)
Chad Hurley (advisor)
Industry
ProductsYouTube Premium
YouTube Music
YouTube TV
YouTube Kids
RevenueIncreaseUS$19.8 billion (2020)[1]
ParentGoogle LLC (2006–present)
URLYouTube.com
(see list of localized domain names)
AdvertisingGoogle AdSense
Registration

Optional

  • Not required to watch most videos; required for certain tasks such as uploading videos, viewing flagged (18+) videos, creating playlists, liking or disliking videos, and posting comments
UsersIncrease 2 billion (October 2020)[2]
LaunchedFebruary 14, 2005; 16 years ago (2005-02-14)
Current statusActive

Content license

Uploader holds copyright (standard license); Creative Commons can be selected.
Written inPython (core/API),[3]C (through CPython), C++, Java (through Guice platform),[4][5]Go,[6]JavaScript (UI)

YouTube is an American online video sharing and social media platform owned by Google. It was launched on February 14, 2005 by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. It is the second most visited website, with more than one billion monthly users[7] who collectively watch more than one billion hours of videos each day.[8] As of May 2019[update], videos were being uploaded at a rate of more than 500 hours of content per minute.[9]

In October 2006, YouTube was bought by Google for $1.65 billion.[10] Google's ownership of YouTube has also changed ally financial dealer services phone number business model; it no longer generates revenue from advertisements alone. YouTube now offers paid content such as movies and exclusive content. YouTube and approved creators participate in Google's AdSense program, which generates more revenue for both parties. It has since evolved from a small video streaming platform to a large service with reported revenues of $19.8 billion in 2020.[1]

Since its purchase by Google, YouTube has expanded beyond the website into mobile apps, network television, and the ability to link with other services. Video categories on YouTube include music videos, video clips, news, short films, feature films, documentaries, audio recordings, movie trailers, teasers, live streams, vlogs, and more. Most content is generated by individuals. This includes collaborations between YouTubers and company sponsors. Since around 2015, established media corporations such as Disney, ViacomCBS, and WarnerMedia have created and expanded their corporate YouTube channels to advertise to a larger audience.

YouTube has had a substantial social impact, influencing popular culture, internet trends, and creating multimillionaire celebrities. It has been criticized for facilitating the spread of misinformation, copyright issues, violating its users' privacy, enabling censorship, and endangering child safety and wellbeing.

History

Main article: Foreclosed homes for sale tulsa of YouTube

Founding and initial growth (2005–2006)

YouTube was founded by Steve Chen, Chad Hurley, and Jawed Karim. The trio were all early employees of PayPal, which left them enriched after the company was bought by eBay.[11] Hurley had studied design at Indiana University of Pennsylvania, and Chen and Karim studied computer science together at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.[12]

According to a story that has often been repeated in the media, Hurley and Chen developed the idea for YouTube during the early months of 2005, after they had experienced difficulty sharing videos that had been shot at a dinner party at Chen's apartment in San Francisco. Karim did not attend the party and denied that it had occurred, but Chen remarked that the idea that YouTube was founded after a dinner party "was probably very strengthened by marketing ideas around creating a story that was very digestible".[13]

Karim said the inspiration for YouTube first came from the Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, when Janet Jackson's breast was briefly exposed by Justin Timberlake during the halftime show. Karim could not easily find video clips of the incident and 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami online, which led to the idea of a video sharing site.[14] Hurley and Chen said that the original idea for YouTube was a video version of an online dating service, and had been influenced by the website Hot or Not.[13][15] They created posts on Craigslist asking attractive women to upload videos of themselves to YouTube in exchange for a $100 reward.[16] Difficulty in finding enough dating videos led to a change of plans, with the site's founders deciding to accept uploads of any type of video.[17]

The YouTube logo was used from its launch until 2011. Another version of this logo without their "Broadcast Yourself"slogan was used until 2015.

YouTube began as a venture capital–funded technology startup. Between November 2005 and April 2006, the company raised money from a variety of investors with Sequoia Capital, $11.5 million, and Artis Capital Management, $8 million, being the largest two.[11][18] YouTube's early headquarters were situated above a pizzeria and Japanese restaurant in San Mateo, California.[19] In February 2005, the company activated .[20] The first video was uploaded April 23, 2005. Titled Me at the zoo, it shows co-founder Jawed Karim at the San Diego Zoo and can still be viewed on the site.[21][22] In May, the company launched a public beta and by November, a Nike ad featuring Ronaldinho became the first video to reach one million total views.[23][24] The site launched officially on December 15, 2005, by which time the site was receiving 8 million views a day.[25][26] Clips at the time were limited to 100 megabytes, as little as 30 seconds of footage.[27]

Contrary to popular belief, YouTube was not the first video-sharing site on the Internet; Vimeo was launched in November 2004, though that site remained a side project of its developers from CollegeHumor at the time and did not grow much, either.[28] The week of YouTube's launch, NBC-Universal's Saturday Night Live ran a skit "Lazy Sunday" by The Lonely Island. Besides helping to bolster ratings and long-term viewership for Saturday Night Live, "Lazy Sunday"'s status as an early viral video helped establish YouTube as an important website.[29] Unofficial uploads of the skit to YouTube drew in more than five million collective views by February 2006 before they were removed when NBCUniversal requested it two months later based on copyright concerns.[30] Despite eventually being taken down, these duplicate uploads of the skit helped popularize YouTube's reach and led to the upload of more third-party content.[31][32] The site grew rapidly and, in July 2006, the company announced that more than 65,000 new videos were being uploaded every day, and that the site was receiving 100 million video views per day.[33]

The choice of the name led to problems for a similarly named website. That site's owner, Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, filed a lawsuit against YouTube in November 2006 after being regularly overloaded by people looking for YouTube. Universal Tube subsequently changed its website to.[34][35]

Broadcast Yourself era (2006–2013)

YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California

On October 9, 2006, Google announced that it had acquired YouTube for $1.65 billion in Google stock.[36][37] The deal was finalized on November 13, 2006.[38][39] Google's acquisition launched new newfound interest in video-sharing sites; IAC, which now owned Vimeo, focused on supporting the content creators to distinguish itself from YouTube.[28]

YouTube logo from 2015 until 2017

The company experienced rapid growth. The Daily Telegraph wrote that in 2007, YouTube consumed as much bandwidth as the entire Internet in 2000.[40] By 2010, the company had reached a market share of around 43% and more than 14 billion views of videos, according to comScore.[41] That year, the company simplified its interface in order to home youtube https m youtube com app m the time users would spend on the site.[42] In 2011, more than three billion videos were being watched each day with 48 hours of new videos uploaded every minute.[43][44][45] However, most of these views came from a relatively small number of videos; according to a software engineer at that time, 30% of videos accounted for 99% of views on the site.[46] That year, the company again changed its interface and at the same time, introduced a new logo with a darker shade of red.[47][48] A subsequent interface change, designed to unify the experience across desktop, TV, and mobile, was rolled out in 2013.[49] By that point, more than 100 hours were being uploaded every minute, a number that would increase to 300 hours by November 2014.[50][51]

During this time, the company also went through some organizational changes. In October 2006, YouTube moved to a new office in San Bruno, California.[52] Hurley announced that he would be stepping down as a chief executive officer of YouTube to take an advisory role and that Salar Kamangar would take over as head of the company in October 2010.[53]

YouTube's new CEO (2014–2018)

Susan Wojcicki was appointed CEO of YouTube in February 2014.[54] In January 2016, YouTube expanded its headquarters in San Bruno by purchasing an office park for $215 million. The complex has 51,468 square metres (554,000 square feet) of space and can house up to 2,800 employees.[55] YouTube officially launched the "polymer" redesign of its user interfaces based on Material Design language as its default, as well a redesigned logo that is built around the service's play button emblem in August 2017.[56]

Through this period, YouTube tried several new ways to generate revenue beyond advertisements. In 2013, YouTube launched a pilot program for content providers to offer premium, subscription-based channels within the platform.[57][58] This effort was discontinued in January 2018 and relaunched in June, with US$4.99 channel subscriptions.[59][60] These channel subscriptions complemented the existing Super Chat ability, launched in 2017, which allows viewers to donate between $1 and $500 to have their comment highlighted.[61] In 2014, YouTube announced a subscription service known as "Music Key," which bundled ad-free streaming of music content on YouTube with the existing Google Play Music service.[62] The service continued to evolve in 2015, when YouTube announced YouTube Red, a new premium service that would offer ad-free access to all content on the platform (succeeding the Music Key service released the previous year), premium original series, and films produced by YouTube personalities, as well as background playback of content on mobile devices. YouTube also released YouTube Music, a third app oriented towards streaming and discovering the music content hosted on the YouTube platform.[63][64][65]

The company also attempted to create products to appeal to specific kinds of viewers. YouTube released a mobile app known as YouTube Kids in 2015, designed to provide an experience optimized for children. It features a simplified user interface, curated selections of channels featuring age-appropriate content, and parental control features.[66] Also in 2015, YouTube launched YouTube Gaming—a video gaming-oriented vertical and app for videos and live streaming, intended to compete with the Amazon.com-owned Twitch.[67]

Consolidation and controversy (2018–present)

The company was attacked on April 3, 2018, when a shooting occurred at YouTube's headquarters in San Bruno, California, which wounded four and resulted in one death (the shooter).[68] By February 2017, one billion hours of YouTube were watched every day, and 400 hours of video were uploaded every minute.[8][69] Two years later, the uploads had risen to more than 500 hours per minute.[9] During the COVID-19 pandemic, when most of the world was under stay-at-home orders, usage of services such as YouTube greatly increased. One data firm estimated that YouTube was accounting for 15% of all internet traffic, twice its pre-pandemic level.[70] In response to EU officials requesting that such services reduce bandwidth as to make sure medical entities had sufficient bandwidth to share information, YouTube along with Netflix stated they would reduce streaming quality for at least thirty days as to cut bandwidth use of their services by 25% to comply with the EU's request.[71] YouTube later announced that they would continue with this move worldwide: "We continue to work closely with governments and network operators around the globe to do our part to minimize stress on the system during this unprecedented situation."[72]

Following a 2018 complaint alleging violations of the Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA),[73] the company was fined $170 million by the FTC for collecting personal information from minors under the age of 13.[74] YouTube was also ordered to create systems to increase children's privacy.[75][76] Following criticisms of its implementation of those systems, YouTube started treating all videos designated as "made for kids" as liable under COPPA on January 6, home youtube https m youtube com app m Joining the YouTube Kids app, the company created a supervised mode, designed more for tweens, in 2021.[79]

During this period, YouTube entered disputes with other tech companies. For over a year, in 2018 and 2019, there was no YouTube app available for Amazon Fire products. In 2020, Roku was forced to remove the YouTube TV app from its streaming store after the two companies were unable to reach an agreement.[80][81]

Features

Video technology

YouTube primarily uses the VP9 and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video codecs, and the Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP protocol.[82]MPEG-4 Part 2 streams contained within 3GP containers are also provided for low bandwidth connections.[83] By January 2019, YouTube had begun rolling out videos in AV1 format.[84] In 2021 it was reported that the company was considering requiring AV1 in streaming hardware in order to decrease bandwidth and increase quality.[85] Video is usually streamed alongside the Opus and AAC audio codecs.[83]

At launch in 2005, viewing YouTube videos on a personal computer required the Adobe Flash Player plug-in to be installed in the browser.[86] In January 2010, YouTube launched an experimental version of the site that used the built-in multimedia capabilities of web browsers supporting the HTML5 standard.[87] This allowed videos to be viewed without requiring Adobe Flash Player or any other plug-in to be installed.[88] On January 27, 2015, YouTube announced that HTML5 would be the default playback method on supported browsers.[87] With the switch to HTML5 video streams using Dynamic Adaptive Streaming over HTTP (MPEG-DASH), an adaptive bit-rate HTTP-based streaming solution optimizing the bitrate and quality for the available network.[89]

The platform can serve videos at foreclosed homes for sale tulsa lower resolution levels starting at 144p for smoothening playback in areas and countries with limited Internet speeds, improving compatibility, as well as for the preservation of limited cellular data plans. The resolution setting can be adjusted automatically based on detected connection speed, as well as be set manually.[90][91]

From 2008 to 2017, users could add "annotations" to their videos—such as pop-up text messages and hyperlinks and which allowed for interactive videos. By 2019 all annotations had been removed from videos, breaking some videos which depended on the feature. YouTube introduced standardized widgets intended to replace annotations in a cross-platform manner, including "end screens" (a customizable array of thumbnails for specified videos displayed near the end of the video).[92][93][94]

In 2018, YouTube became an ISNI registry, and announced its intention to begin creating ISNI identifiers to uniquely identify the musicians whose videos it features.[95]

Uploading

All YouTube users can upload videos up to 15 minutes each in duration. Users can verify their account, normally through a mobile phone, to gain the ability to upload videos up to 12 hours in length, as well as produce live streams.[96][97] When YouTube was launched in 2005, it was possible to upload longer videos, but a 10-minute limit was introduced in March 2006 after YouTube found that the majority of videos exceeding this length were unauthorized uploads of television shows and films.[98] The 10-minute limit was increased to 15 minutes in July 2010.[99] Videos can be at most 256 GB in size or 12 hours, whichever is less.[96]As of 2021[update], automatic closed captions using speech recognition technology when a video is uploaded is available in 13 languages. YouTube also offers manual closed captioning as part of its creator studio.[100] YouTube formerly offered a 'Community Captions' feature, where viewers could write and submit captions for public display upon approval by the video uploader, but this was deprecated in September 2020.

YouTube accepts the most common container formats, including MP4, Matroska, FLV, AVI, WebM, 3GP, MPEG-PS, and the QuickTime File Format. Some intermediate video formats (i.e., primarily used for professional video editing, not for final delivery or storage) are also accepted, such as ProRes.[102] YouTube provides recommended encoding settings.[103]

In 2018, YouTube added a feature called Premiere which displays a notification to the user mentioning when the video will be available for the first time, like for a westside regional library plantation fl hours stream but with a prerecorded video.[104]

Quality and formats

YouTube originally offered videos at only one quality level, displayed at a resolution of 320×240 pixels using the Sorenson Spark codec (a variant of H.263),[105][106] with home youtube https m youtube com app m MP3 audio.[107] In June 2007, YouTube added an option to watch videos in 3GP format on mobile phones.[108] In March 2008, a high-quality mode was added, which increased the resolution to 480×360 pixels.[109] In December 2008, 720pHD support was added. At the time of the 720p launch, the YouTube player was changed from a 4:3aspect ratio to a widescreen16:9.[110] With this new feature, YouTube began a switchover to H.264/MPEG-4 AVC as its default video compression format. In November 2009, 1080p HD support was added. In July 2010, YouTube announced that it had launched a range of videos in 4K format, which allows a resolution of up to 4096×3072 pixels.[111][112] In March 2015, support for 4K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 3840 × 2160 pixels. In June 2015, support for 8K resolution was added, with the videos playing at 7680×4320 pixels.[113] In November 2016, support for HDR video was added which can be encoded with hybrid log–gamma (HLG) or perceptual quantizer (PQ).[114] HDR video can be encoded with the Rec. 2020 color space.[115]

In June 2014, YouTube began to deploy support for high-frame-rate videos up to 60 frames per second (as opposed to 30 before), becoming available for user uploads in October. YouTube stated that this would enhance "motion-intensive" videos, such as video game footage.[116][117][118][119]

YouTube videos are available in a range of quality levels. Viewers only indirectly influence the video quality. Users choose between "Auto", which adjusts resolution based on the internet connection, "High Picture Quality" which will prioritize playing high-quality video, "Data saver" which will sacrifice video quality in favor of low data usage, and "Advanced" which lets the user choose a stream resolution.[120] It is not possible for the viewer to directly choose a higher bitrate (quality) for any selected resolution.

Since 2009, viewers have had the ability watch 3D videos.[121] In 2015, the company began natively supporting 360-degree video and it has since allowed for live streaming of 360° video at up to 4K resolution.[122][123] Citing the limited number of users who watched more than 90-degrees, the company began supporting an alternative stereoscopic video format known as VR180 which it said was easier to produce.[124] The company now allows users to watch any video using virtual reality headsets.[125]

In response to increased viewership during the COVID-19 pandemic, the company temporarily downgraded the quality of its videos.[126][127] The company developed its own chip, called Argos, to help with fleet farm near mankato mn higher resolution videos in 2021.[128]

Live streaming

YouTube carried out early experiments with live streaming, including a concert by U2 in 2009, and a question-and-answer session with US President Barack Obama in February 2010.[129] These tests had relied on technology from 3rd-party partners, but in September 2010, YouTube began testing its own live streaming infrastructure.[130] In April 2011, YouTube announced the rollout of YouTube Live. The creation of live streams was initially limited to select partners.[131] It was used for real-time broadcasting of events such as the 2012 Olympics in London.[132] In October 2012, more than 8 million people watched Felix Baumgartner's jump from the edge of space as a live stream on YouTube.[133]

In May 2013, creation of live streams was opened to verified users with at least 1,000 subscribers; in August of that year the number was reduced to 100 subscribers,[134] and in December the limit was removed.[135] In February 2017, live streaming was introduced to the official YouTube mobile app. Live streaming via mobile was initially restricted to users with at least 10,000 subscribers,[136] but as of mid-2017 it has been reduced to 100 subscribers.[137] Live streams support HDR, can be up to 4K resolution at 60 fps, and also support 360° video.[123][138]

User features

On September 13, 2016, YouTube launched a public beta of Community, a social media-based feature that allows users to post text, images (including GIFs), live videos and others in a separate "Community" tab on their channel.[139] Prior to the release, several creators had been consulted to suggest tools Community could incorporate that they would find useful; these YouTubers included Vlogbrothers, AsapScience, Lilly Singh, The Game Theorists, Karmin, The Key of Awesome, The Kloons, Peter Hollens, Rosianna Halse Rojas, Sam Tsui, Threadbanger and Vsauce3.[140][non-primary source needed]

After the feature has been officially released, the community post feature gets activated automatically for every channel that passes a specific threshold of subscriber counts or already has more subscribers. This threshold was lowered over time[when?], from 10,000 subscribers to 1500 subscribers, to 1000 subscribers,[non-primary source needed] to 500 subscribers.[142]

Channels that the community tab becomes enabled for, get their channel discussions (the name before March 2013 "One channel layout" redesign finalization: "channel comments") permanently erased, instead of co-existing or migrating.[non-primary source needed]

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube user comments

Most videos enable users to leave comments, and these have attracted attention for the negative aspects of both their form and content. In 2006, Time praised Web 2.0 for enabling "community and collaboration on a scale never seen before", and added that YouTube "harnesses the stupidity of crowds as well as its wisdom. Some of the comments on YouTube make you weep for the future of humanity just for the spelling alone, never mind the obscenity and the naked hatred".[144]The Guardian in 2009 described users' comments on YouTube as:[145]

Juvenile, aggressive, misspelt, sexist, homophobic, swinging from raging at the contents of a video to providing a pointlessly detailed description followed by a LOL, YouTube comments are a hotbed of infantile debate and unashamed ignorance—with the occasional burst of wit shining through.

The Daily Telegraph commented in September 2008, that YouTube was "notorious" for "some of the most confrontational and ill-formed comment exchanges on the internet", and reported on YouTube Comment Snob, "a new piece of software that blocks rude and illiterate posts".[146]The Huffington Post noted in April 2012 that finding comments on YouTube that appear "offensive, stupid and crass" to the "vast majority" of the people is hardly difficult.[147]

Google subsequently implemented a comment system oriented on Google+ on November 6, 2013, that required all YouTube users to use a Google+ account to comment on videos. The stated motivation for the change was giving creators more power to moderate and block comments, thereby addressing frequent criticisms of their quality and tone.[148] The new system restored the ability to include URLs in comments, which had previously been removed due to problems with abuse.[149][150] In response, YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim posted the question "why the fuck do I need a google+ account to comment on a video?" on his YouTube channel to express his negative opinion of the change.[151] The official YouTube announcement[152] received 20,097 "thumbs down" votes and generated more than 32,000 comments in two days.[153] Writing in the Newsday blog Silicon Island, Chase Melvin noted that "Google+ is nowhere near as popular a social media network like Facebook, but it's essentially being forced upon millions of YouTube users who don't want to lose their ability to comment on videos" and added that "Discussion forums across the Internet are already bursting with the outcry against the new comment system". In the same article Melvin goes on to say:[154]

Perhaps user complaints are justified, but the idea of revamping the old system isn't so bad. Think of the crude, misogynistic and racially-charged mudslinging that has transpired over the last eight years on YouTube without any discernible moderation. Isn't any attempt to curb unidentified libelers worth a shot? The system is far from perfect, but Google should be lauded for trying to alleviate some of the damage caused by irate YouTubers hiding behind animosity and anonymity.

Later, on July 27, 2015, Google announced in a blog post that it would be removing the requirement to sign up to a Google+ account to post comments to YouTube.[155] Then on November 3, 2016, YouTube announced a trial scheme which allows the creators of videos to decide whether to approve, hide or report the comments posted on videos based on an algorithm that detects potentially offensive comments.[156] Creators may also choose to keep or delete comments with links or hashtags in order to combat spam. They can also allow other users to moderate their comments.[157]

In December 2020, it was reported that YouTube would launch a new feature that will warn users who post a comment that "may be offensive to others."[158][159]

Content accessibility

YouTube offers users the ability to view its videos on web pages outside their website. Each YouTube video is accompanied by a piece of HTML that can be used to embed it on any page on the Web.[160] This functionality is often used to embed YouTube videos in social networking pages and blogs. Users wishing to post a video discussing, inspired by, or related to another user's video can make a "video response". The eleven character Youtube video identifier (64 possible characters used in home youtube https m youtube com app m position), allows for a theoretical maximum of 6411 or around 73.8 quintillion (73.8 billion billion) unique ids.

YouTube announced that it would remove video responses for being an underused feature on August 27, 2013.[161] Embedding, rating, commenting and response posting can be disabled by the video owner.[162] YouTube does not usually offer a download link for its videos, and intends for them to be viewed through its website interface.[163] A small number of videos can be downloaded as MP4 files.[164] Numerous third-party web sites, applications and browser plug-ins allow users to download YouTube videos.[165]

In February 2009, YouTube announced a test service, allowing some partners to offer video downloads for free or for a fee paid through Google Checkout.[166] In June 2012, Google sent cease and desist letters threatening legal action against several websites offering online download and conversion of YouTube videos.[167] In response, Zamzar removed the ability to download YouTube videos from its site.[168] Users retain copyright of their own work under the default Standard YouTube License,[169] but have the option to grant certain usage rights under any public copyright license they choose.

Since July 2012, it has been possible to select a Creative Commons attribution license as the default, allowing other users to reuse and remix the material.[170]

Platforms

Most modern smartphones are capable of accessing YouTube videos, either within an application or through an optimized website. YouTube Mobile was launched in June 2007, using RTSP streaming for the video.[171] Not all of YouTube's videos are available on the mobile version of the site.[172]

Since June 2007, YouTube's videos have been available for viewing on a range of Apple products. This required YouTube's content to be transcoded into Apple's preferred video standard, H.264, a process that took several months. YouTube videos can be viewed on devices including Apple TV, iPod Touch and the iPhone.[173]

The mobile version of the site was relaunched based on HTML5 in July 2010, avoiding the need to use Adobe Flash Player and optimized for use with touch screen controls.[174] The mobile version is also available as an app for the Android platform.[175][176]

In September 2012, YouTube launched its first app for the iPhone, following the decision to drop YouTube as one of the preloaded apps in the iPhone 5 and iOS 6 operating system.[177] According to GlobalWebIndex, YouTube was used by 35% of smartphone users between April and June 2013, making it the third-most used app.[178]

A TiVo service update in July 2008 allowed the system to search and play YouTube videos.[179]

In January 2009, YouTube launched "YouTube for TV", a version of the website tailored for set-top boxes and other TV-based media devices with web browsers, initially allowing its videos to be viewed on the PlayStation 3 and Wiivideo game consoles.[180][181]

During the month of June that same year, YouTube XL was introduced, which has a simplified interface designed for viewing on a standard television screen.[182] YouTube is also available as an app on Xbox Live.[183]

On November 15, 2012, Google launched an official app for the Wii, allowing users to watch YouTube videos from the Wii channel.[184] An app was available for Wii U and Nintendo 3DS, but was discontinued in August 2019.[185] Videos can also be viewed on the Wii U Internet Browser using HTML5.[186] Google made YouTube available on the Roku player on December 17, 2013,[187] and, in October 2014, the Sony PlayStation 4.[188]

YouTube launched as a downloadable app for the Nintendo Switch in November 2018.[189]

International and localization

On June 19, 2007, Google CEO Eric Schmidt appeared in Paris to launch the new localization system.[190] The interface of the website is available with localized versions in 104 countries, one territory (Hong Kong) and a worldwide version.[191]

YouTube Localisation.svg
Country Language(s) Launch date
 United States (and worldwide launch) English, SpanishFebruary 14, 2005[190]
 BrazilPortugueseJune 19, 2007[190]
 FranceFrench, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 IrelandEnglish, IrishJune 19, 2007[190]
 ItalyItalian, German, CatalanJune 19, 2007[190]
 JapanJapaneseJune 19, 2007[190]
 NetherlandsDutchJune 19, 2007[190]
 PolandPolishJune 19, 2007[190]
 SpainSpanish, Galician, Catalan, BasqueJune 19, 2007[190]
 United KingdomEnglishJune 19, 2007[190]
 MexicoSpanishOctober 11, 2007[192]
 Hong KongChinese, EnglishOctober 17, 2007[193]
 TaiwanChineseOctober 18, 2007
 AustraliaEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 New ZealandEnglishOctober 22, 2007[194]
 CanadaEnglish, FrenchNovember 6, 2007[195]
 GermanyGermanNovember 8, 2007[196]
 RussiaRussianNovember 13, 2007[197]
 South KoreaKoreanJanuary 23, 2008[198]
 IndiaHindi, Bengali, Punjabi, English, Gujarati, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Tamil, Telugu, UrduMay 7, 2008[199]
 IsraelHebrew, ArabicSeptember 16, 2008
 Czech RepublicCzechOctober 9, 2008[200]
 SwedenSwedishOctober 22, 2008[201]
 South AfricaEnglish, Afrikaans, ZuluMay 17, 2010[190]
 ArgentinaSpanishSeptember 8, 2010[202]
 AlgeriaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 EgyptArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 JordanArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 MoroccoFrench, ArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 Saudi ArabiaArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 TunisiaArabic, FrenchMarch 9, 2011[203]
 YemenArabicMarch 9, 2011[203]
 KenyaEnglish, SwahiliSeptember 1, 2011[204]
 PhilippinesFilipino, EnglishOctober 13, 2011[205]
 SingaporeEnglish, Malay, Chinese, TamilOctober 20, 2011[206]
 BelgiumFrench, Dutch, GermanNovember 16, 2011[190]
 ColombiaSpanishNovember 30, 2011[207]
 UgandaEnglish, SwahiliDecember 2, 2011[208]
 NigeriaEnglishDecember 7, 2011[209]
 ChileSpanishJanuary 20, 2012[210]
 HungaryHungarianFebruary 29, 2012[211]
 MalaysiaMalay, EnglishMarch 22, 2012[212]
 PeruSpanishMarch 25, 2012[213]
 United Arab EmiratesArabic, EnglishApril 1, 2012[214]
federal reserve bank services routing number lookup height="15"> GreeceGreekMay 1, 2012
 IndonesiaIndonesian, EnglishMay home youtube https m youtube com app m, 2012[215]
 GhanaEnglishJune 5, 2012[216]
 SenegalFrench, EnglishJuly 4, 2012[217]
 TurkeyTurkishOctober 1, 2012[218]
 UkraineUkrainianDecember 13, 2012[219]
 DenmarkDanishFebruary 1, 2013[220]
 FinlandFinnish, SwedishFebruary 1, 2013[221]
 NorwayNorwegianFebruary 1, 2013[222]
  SwitzerlandGerman, French, ItalianMarch 29, 2013[223]
 AustriaGermanMarch 29, 2013[224]
 RomaniaRomanianApril 18, 2013[225]
 PortugalPortugueseApril 25, 2013[226]
 SlovakiaSlovakApril 25, 2013[227]
 BahrainArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 KuwaitArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 OmanArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 QatarArabicAugust 16, 2013[228]
 Bosnia and HerzegovinaBosnian, Croatian, SerbianMarch 17, 2014
 BulgariaBulgarianMarch 17, 2014[229]
 CroatiaCroatianMarch 17, 2014[230]
 EstoniaEstonianMarch 17, 2014[231]
 LatviaLatvianMarch 17, 2014[232]
 LithuaniaLithuanianMarch 17, 2014
 North MacedoniaMacedonian, Serbian, TurkishMarch 17, 2014
 MontenegroSerbian, CroatianMarch 17, 2014
 SerbiaSerbianMarch 17, 2014
 SloveniaSlovenianMarch 17, 2014[233]
 ThailandThaiApril 1, 2014[234]
 LebanonArabicMay 1, 2014[228]
 Puerto RicoSpanish, EnglishAugust 23, 2014
 IcelandIcelandic2014
 LuxembourgFrench, German2014
 VietnamVietnameseOctober 1, 2014
 LibyaArabicFebruary 1, 2015
 TanzaniaEnglish, SwahiliJune 2, 2015
 ZimbabweEnglishJune 2, 2015
 AzerbaijanAzerbaijaniOctober 12, 2015[235]
 BelarusBelarusian, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 GeorgiaGeorgianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 KazakhstanKazakh, RussianOctober 12, 2015[235]
 IraqArabicNovember 9, 2015[citation needed]
   NepalNepaliJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 PakistanUrdu, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[237]
 Sri LankaSinhala, Tamil, EnglishJanuary 12, 2016[236]
 JamaicaEnglishAugust 4, 2016[citation needed]
 MaltaEnglishJune 24, 2018
 BoliviaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 Costa RicaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 EcuadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 El SalvadorSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 GuatemalaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 HondurasSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 NicaraguaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 PanamaSpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 UruguaySpanishJanuary 30, 2019
 ParaguaySpanish, GuaraniFebruary 21, 2019
 Dominican RepublicSpanishFebruary 21, 2019
 CyprusGreek, TurkishMarch 13, 2019
 LiechtensteinGermanMarch 13, 2019
 VenezuelaSpanishMarch 10, 2020
 Papua New GuineaEnglish2020
 BangladeshBengali, EnglishSeptember 2, 2020

The YouTube interface suggests which local version should be chosen based on the IP address of the user. In some cases, the message "This video is not available in your country" may appear because of copyright restrictions or inappropriate content.[238] The interface of the YouTube website is available in 76 language versions, including Amharic, Albanian, Armenian, Burmese, Khmer, Kyrgyz, Laotian, Mongolian, Persian and Uzbek, which do not have local channel versions. Access to YouTube was blocked in Turkey between 2008 and 2010, following controversy over the posting of videos deemed insulting to Mustafa Kemal Atatürk and some material offensive to Muslims.[239][240] In October 2012, a local version of YouTube was launched in Turkey, with the domain. The local version is subject to the content regulations found in Turkish law.[241] In March 2009, a dispute between YouTube and the British royalty collection agency PRS for Music led to premium music videos being blocked for YouTube users in the United Kingdom. The removal of videos posted by the major record companies occurred after failure to reach an agreement on a licensing deal. The dispute was resolved in September 2009.[242] In April 2009, a similar dispute led to the removal of premium music videos for users in Germany.[243]

Videos

In January 2012, it was estimated that visitors to YouTube spent an average of 15 minutes a day on the site, in contrast to the four or five hours a day spent by a typical US citizen watching television.[244] In 2017, viewers on average watched YouTube on mobile devices for more than an hour every day.[245]

In December 2012, two billion views were removed from the view counts of Universal and Sony music videos on YouTube, prompting a claim by The Daily Dot that the views had been deleted due to a violation of the site's terms of service, which ban the use of automated processes to inflate view counts. This was disputed by Billboard, which said that the two billion views had been moved to Vevo, since the videos were no longer active on YouTube.[246][247] On August 5, 2015, YouTube patched the formerly notorious behaviour which caused a video's view count to freeze at "301" (later "301+") until the actual count was verified to prevent view count fraud.[248] YouTube view counts once again updated in real time.[249]

Since September 2019, subscriber counts are abbreviated. Only three leading digits of channels' subscriber counts are indicated publicly, compromising the function of third-party real-time indicators such as that of Social Blade. Exact counts remain available to channel operators inside YouTube Studio.[250]

On November 11, 2021, after testing out this change on March 2021, YouTube announced it would start hiding dislike counts on videos, making them invisible to viewers. The company stated the decision was in response to experiments which confirmed that smaller YouTube creators were more likely to be targeted in dislike brigading and harassment. Creators will still be home youtube https m youtube com app m to see the number of likes and dislikes in the YouTube Studio dashboard tool, according to YouTube.[251][252][253] The announcement was panned by the YouTube community and prompted a negative response from YouTube co-founder Jawed Karim, who referred to the update as "a home youtube https m youtube com app m idea".[254][255][256] Some creators felt that removing the number of dislikes made it harder for viewers to recognise clickbait or unhelpful videos, and that other features on the platform already existed for creators to limit bullying. Others theorised the removal of dislikes was influenced by YouTube Rewind 2018, which was universally-panned and became the most-disliked video on the platform.[257]

Copyright issues

Main article: YouTube copyright issues

Further information: § Revenue to copyright holders

YouTube has faced numerous challenges and criticisms in its attempts to deal with copyright, including the site's first viral video, Lazy Sunday, which had to be taken down, due to copyright concerns.[29] At the time of uploading a video, YouTube users are shown a message asking them not to violate copyright laws.[258] Despite this advice, many unauthorized clips of copyrighted material remain on YouTube. YouTube does not view videos before they are posted online, and it is left to copyright holders to issue a DMCAtakedown notice pursuant to the terms of the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act. Any successful complaint about copyright infringement results in a YouTube copyright strike. Three successful complaints for copyright infringement against a user account will result in the account and all of its uploaded videos being deleted.[259][260] From 2007 to 2009 organizations including Viacom, Mediaset, and the English Premier League have filed lawsuits against YouTube, claiming that it has done too little to prevent the uploading of copyrighted material.[261][262][263]

In August 2008, a US court ruled in Lenz v. Universal Music Corp. that copyright holders cannot order the removal of an online file without first determining whether the posting reflected fair use of the material.[264] YouTube's owner Google announced in November 2015 that they would help cover the legal cost in select cases where they believe fair use defenses apply.[265]

In the 2011 case of Smith v. Summit Entertainment LLC, professional singer Matt Smith sued Summit Entertainment for the wrongful use of copyright takedown notices on YouTube.[266] He asserted seven causes of action, and four were ruled in Smith's favor.[267] In April 2012, a court in Hamburg ruled that YouTube could be held responsible for copyrighted material posted by its users.[268] On November 1, 2016, the dispute with GEMA was resolved, with Google content ID being used to allow advertisements victoria secret pink sweatpants cheap be added to videos with content protected by GEMA.[269]

In April 2013, it was reported that Universal Music Group and YouTube have a contractual agreement that prevents content blocked on YouTube by a request from UMG from being restored, even if the uploader of the video files a DMCA counter-notice.[270][271] As part of YouTube Music, Universal and YouTube signed an agreement in 2017, which was followed by separate agreements other major labels, which gave the company the right to advertising revenue when its music was played on YouTube.[272] By 2019, creators were having videos taken down or demonetized when Content ID identified even short segments of copyrighted midland states bank routing number rockford il within a much longer video, with different levels of enforcement depending on the record label.[273] Experts noted that some of these clips said qualified for fair use.[273]

Content ID

Main article: Content ID (system)

In June 2007, YouTube began trials of a system for automatic detection of uploaded videos that infringe copyright. Google CEO Eric Schmidt regarded this system as necessary for resolving lawsuits such as the one from Viacom, which alleged that YouTube profited from content that it did not have the right to distribute.[274] The system, which was initially called "Video Identification"[275][276] and later became known as Content ID,[277] creates an ID File for copyrighted audio and video material, and stores it in a database. When a video is uploaded, it is checked against the database, and flags the video as a copyright violation if a match is found.[278] When this occurs, the content owner has the choice of blocking the video to make it unviewable, tracking the viewing statistics of the video, or adding advertisements to the video.

By 2010, YouTube had "already invested tens of millions of dollars in this technology".[276]

In 2011, YouTube described Content ID as "very accurate in finding uploads that look similar to reference files that are of sufficient length and quality to generate an effective ID File".[278]

By 2012, Content ID accounted for over a third of the monetized views on YouTube.[279]

An independent test in 2009 uploaded multiple versions of the same song to YouTube and concluded that while the system was "surprisingly resilient" in finding copyright violations in the audio tracks of videos, it was not infallible.[280] The use of Content ID to remove material automatically has led to controversy in some cases, as the videos have not been checked by a human for fair use.[281] If a YouTube user disagrees with a decision by Content ID, it is possible to fill in a form disputing the decision.[282]

Before 2016, videos were not monetized until the dispute was resolved. Since April 2016, videos continue to be monetized while the dispute is in progress, and the money goes to whoever won the dispute.[283] Should the uploader want to monetize the video again, they may remove the disputed audio in the "Video Manager".[284] YouTube has cited the effectiveness of Content ID as one of the reasons why the site's rules were modified in December 2010 to allow some users to upload videos of unlimited length.[285]

Moderation and offensive content

See also: Criticism of Google § YouTube, and Censorship by Google § YouTube

YouTube has a set of community guidelines aimed to reduce abuse of the site's features. The uploading of videos containing defamation, pornography, and material encouraging criminal conduct is forbidden by YouTube's "Community Guidelines".[286] Generally prohibited material includes sexually explicit content, videos of animal abuse, shock videos, content uploaded without the copyright holder's consent, hate speech, spam, and predatory behavior.[286] YouTube relies on its users to flag the content of videos as inappropriate, and a YouTube employee will view a flagged video to determine whether it violates the site's guidelines.[286] Despite the guidelines, YouTube has faced criticism over aspects of its operations,[287] its recommendation algorithms perpetuating videos that promote conspiracy theories and falsehoods,[288] hosting videos ostensibly targeting children but containing violent or sexually suggestive content rabobank america business popular characters,[289] videos of minors attracting pedophilic activities in their comment sections,[290] and fluctuating policies on the types of content that is eligible to be monetized with advertising.[287]

YouTube contracts companies to hire content moderators, who view content flagged as potentially violating YouTube's content policies and determines if they should be removed. In September 2020, a class-action suit was filed by a former content moderator who reported developing post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after an 18-month period on the job. The former content moderator said that she was regularly made to exceed YouTube's stated limited of four hours per day of viewing graphic content. The lawsuit alleges that YouTube's contractors gave little to no training or support for its moderator's mental health, made prospective employees sign NDAs before showing them any examples of content they would see while reviewing, and censored all mention of trauma from its internal forums. It also purports that requests for extremely graphic content to be blurred, reduced in size or made monochrome, per recommendations from the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, were rejected by YouTube as not a high priority for the company.[291][292][293]

To limit the spread of misinformation and fake news via YouTube, it has rolled out a comprehensive policy regarding how to planned to deal with technically manipulated videos.[294]

Controversial content has included material relating to Holocaust denial and the Hillsborough disaster, in which 96 football fans from Liverpool were crushed to death in 1989.[295][296] In July 2008, the Culture and Media Committee of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom stated that it was "unimpressed" with YouTube's system for policing its videos, and argued that "proactive review of content should be standard practice for sites hosting user-generated content". YouTube responded by stating:

We have strict rules on what's allowed, and a system that enables anyone who sees inappropriate content to report it to our 24/7 review team and have it dealt with promptly. We educate our community on the rules and include a direct link from every YouTube page to make this process as easy as possible for our users. Credit union mortgage vs bank mortgage the volume of content uploaded on our site, we think this is by far the most effective way to make sure that the tiny minority of videos that break the rules come down quickly.[297] (July 2008)

In October 2010, U.S. Congressman Anthony Weiner urged Home youtube https m youtube com app m to remove from its website videos of imam Anwar al-Awlaki.[298] YouTube pulled some of the videos in November 2010, stating they violated the site's guidelines.[299] In December 2010, YouTube added the ability to flag videos for containing terrorism content.[300]

In 2018, YouTube introduced a system that would automatically add information boxes to videos that its algorithms determined may present conspiracy theories and other fake news, filling the infobox with content from Encyclopedia Britannica and Wikipedia as a means to inform users to minimize misinformation propagation without impacting freedom of speech.[301] In the wake of the Notre-Dame de Paris fire on April 15, 2019, several user-uploaded videos of the landmark fire were flagged by YouTube' system automatically with an Encyclopedia Britannica article on the false conspiracy theories around the September 11 attacks

Источник: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/YouTube
 Stream: Paramount+ (click here)  

Latest Odds: wells fargo atm deposit cash near me Houston Texans +10.5 home youtube https m youtube com app m

The weirdest thing about the 2021 NFL season? The Texans are 2-9 and eighth in defensive DVOA. They're terrible against the run, which portends nicely for Jonathan Taylor in this matchup. But what if Houston just loads the plot against america first edition box, slows down Taylor (a.k.a. CBS Sports senior NFL reporter Jonathan Jones) and creates a turnover or two by pressuring Carson Wentz? No one thinks this Texans team is good, but they're trying every week and the Colts are coming off the emotional letdown of being stabbed in the side with a Tom Brady sword. I think Indy is a good football team, but this is a big test of how they can respond. 

The Pick: Texans 17, Colts 14

Props, Best Bets: Texans +9

Chargers at Bengals

Sunday, 1 p.m. ET
TV: 
CBS   Stream: Paramount+ (click here)  

This is a very simple breakdown of this game. If you've watched the Bengals offensive line the last two weeks and if you've watched Joe Mixon the last two weeks you know they are cooking. Mixon looks incredible. The Chargers have the worst run defense in football. Make them one dimensional and Joe Lombardi won't throw deep. Bengals all the way here.

The Pick: Bengals 31, Chargers 24

Props, Best Bets: Bengals -3

Vikings at Lions

Sunday, 1 p.m. ET
TV: 
CBS 

NFL Week 13 picks, odds: Giants upset Dolphins with Mike Glennon, Patriots edge Bills for seventh straight win

We've drifted back into the weird zone of big faves, an uncomfortable spot when you're trying to pick winners of football games. If we're talking about an NFL week with multiple games above seven points AND multiple games above 10 points, well, it's going to be hard to bet. 

Take Jags-Rams or Bucs-Falcons as an example. We have two objectively terrible teams against two subjectively good teams. The spread in both games is double digits, so unless you think Jacksonville or Atlanta are better (you don't and if you do you're lying), you're basically relying on luck at the end of the game. 

Of course weird things happen home youtube https m youtube com app m the Jags took down Buffalo while scoring nine points. The Titans have four losses and two of them are to the Jets and Texans. I'm not saying giant upsets can't happen or bad teams can't hang with good teams. My point is just trying to pick a week with a ton of huge spreads is kind of an exercise in futility. 

We're not quite at the point where teams will roll over, although we're getting close. Week 13 can provide plenty of chaos -- and speaking of chaos have you watched South Park's new special on Paramount+ (click here) because if not you should -- and it feels like a dangerous week to be heavy on chalk. 

All NFL odds are via Caesars Sportsbook

NFL Week 13 Picks

Cowboys at Saints

Thursday, 8:20 p.m. ET
TV:
 Fox/NFL Network

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