pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance

How Do I Calculate PMI Mortgage Insurance? · Find out the loan-to-value, or LTV, ratio of your house. · 450,000 / 500,000 = 0.9 · 0.9 X 100 = 90 percent LTV · Look. Our free mortgage calculator shows a home's total monthly price, including taxes, PMI, insurance, and utilities. Home price. $. Monthly payment. $. 1,582. /mo. Private mortgage insurance. A “conventional” mortgage is a loan for no more than 80% of the property value. Typically, this requires a 20%.
pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance

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How To Calculate Private Mortgage Insurance, PMI

Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) Calculator 2021

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What is Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI)?

Private mortgage insurance, also known as PMI, is a form of mortgage insurance for conventional home loans to protect the lender in case the borrower cannot make their mortgage payments and defaults. Mortgage insurance ensures lenders can recover some of their lost investment and allows more individuals to become homeowners by reducing the risk for lenders.


Your PMI Premium Payment

will last 6.1years

Your LTV is less than 80%, so you will not need to pay PMI.

You have to request for PMI termination at 80% LTV. If You don’t, you may spend an additional $2380 on PMI before it automatically terminates at 78% LTV.

Breakdown of Costs

Total Cost Breakdown

Total Interest Payment


Total Principal Payment


Total PMI Payment


What You Should Know

  • If you put less than a 20% down payment on your conventional mortgage, you are required to pay for private mortgage insurance
  • Private mortgage insurance protects the lender if the borrower can not make the mortgage payments.
  • PMI rates range, on average, from 0.55% to 2.25% of the original loan amount
  • Your PMI premiums can be removed once you build 20% equity in your home
  • Government-backed loans such as FHA-loans require mortgage insurance premiums (MIP)

Do I need to get PMI?

The lender will require you to get PMI or insurance for your loan if you decide to put less than 20% down payment of the total loan amount. For example, if the total mortgage amount is $300,000 and you only have $45,000 for the down payment, which is 15% and is less than the required 20%, then you will need to buy PMI for the home loan.

How Much Does PMI Cost?

PMI rates on average can range from 0.55% to 2.25% of the original loan amount. At those rates, for a $300,000 30-year fixed rate mortgage, PMI would cost anywhere from $1,650 to $6,750 per year, or approximately $137.50 to $562.50 per month. PMI can be paid upfront or it is included in the monthly mortgage payments.

What Factors Determine the PMI Rate?

The PMI rate you will receive for your home loan depends on several factors such as:

  • Size of Home Loan – The higher your total loan amount, the higher the PMI rate. The reason being the lender has additional risk if you have a larger loan amount and smaller down payment. For example, if you decide that the maximum value of your down payment will be $50,000, the PMI rate will be higher for a home loan of $500,000 rather than a smaller home loan of $300,000.

  • Down Payment Amount – PMI is required for all home loans where the down payment is less than 20%. However, even within less than 20%, your PMI rate can change based on your down payment amount. You can decide to put as low as 3% on certain loans such as Conventional 97 which is a home loan for individuals who want to put up a small down payment. Smaller down payments will result in a higher PMI rate. Therefore, there will be a big difference in the PMI if you put 18% down rather than 3%.

  • Credit Score – A higher credit score will result in a lower PMI rate as you are seen as more creditworthy and less likely to default on payments. You need to have a credit score of at least 620 to be eligible for a conventional home loan. If you have a credit score less than 620, check out other options such as the FHA Home Loan which offers home loans for credit scores as low as 500.

  • Type of Mortgage – PMI rates tend to be higher for adjustable-rate mortgages (ARM) as compared to fixed rate mortgages. Adjustable-rate mortgages result in higher PMI rates because interest rates can increase, which will increase monthly payments and put more pressure on borrowers, resulting in best accounting software for small real estate business chances of default.

What Are the Different Types of Private Mortgage Insurance?

There are various types of PMI based on how the payment is structured:

  • Borrower Paid Monthly Mortgage Insurance (BPMI)- This is the most common type of PMI where your mortgage insurance is included in your monthly payments thereby increasing your monthly expense. This type of PMI works best if you are unsure of how long you are planning on keeping the mortgage because there is no upfront cost to you.

  • Single Premium Mortgage Insurance (SPMI)- In this form of PMI, instead of doing monthly payments, you decide to pay the total PMI amount upfront thereby not increasing your monthly payments. This form of PMI would be suggested if you have funds available at closing of the home, and that way your monthly expense will remain lower. An advantage of this form of PMI is that it might help you qualify for a larger home loan because you paid the PMI upfront.

  • Lender Paid Mortgage Insurance (LPMI)- Although this sounds great that the lender is footing the bill for the mortgage, it is a bit more complicated than that. The lender indeed does pay the PMI, but they also increase the interest rate on your loan in order to cover the PMI. Essentially you pay for the PMI by getting a higher interest rate on your home loan. The disadvantage of this type of PMI is that the interest rate does not reduce once you reach a loan-to-value of 78% because you’re locked into that interest rate.

  • Split-Premium Mortgage InsuranceThis is the least common type of PMI as it is a combination of monthly paid insurance (BPMI) and single premium insurance (SPMI). The way this type of PMI works is that you pay a portion of the PMI upfront and pay the rest of the PMI in monthly payments as part of the mortgage payments. This might be used by individuals who cannot pay the entire PMI upfront but can cover a portion in order to reduce their monthly costs. For example, on a $500,000 home, with a PMI rate of 1.5%, the total PMI amount is $7,500, but if you decide to pay $3,000 upfront, only the remaining amount of $4,500 is added to your monthly mortgage payments for the first year.

When Can I Stop Paying PMI?

PMI for home loans can be removed if you satisfy at least one of the following:

  • You achieve a 78% Loan-To-Value ratio of the purchase price of the home – If you make enough payments such that your LTV is 78%, then PMI should automatically be removed by the insurer. You can also get PMI manually removed when you have 20% ownership in the house, but you will have to reach out to your insurer to get it removed. In most cases, it takes homeowners 11 years to own enough equity in the home to get PMI removed. For example, on a $300,000 home price, if you have $234,000 outstanding in your mortgage, then you have achieved 78% LTV ($234,000/$300,000) and PMI would be removed.

  • What is the LTV ratio?

    The LTV or loan to value ratio is the portion of the value of the house that you are borrowing through a mortgage. In other words, the percentage of your home’s value that is financed by the mortgage.

    Example - Imagine that you want to purchase a house that costs $100,000 and you can only afford to make a 10% down payment. What is your LTV ratio?

    Down Payment = 10% * House Price = 10% * $100,000 = $10,000

    Mortgage Amount = House Price – Down Payment = $100,000 - $10,000 = $90,000

    LTV ratio = Mortgage Amount /Home Value = $90,000/ $100,000 = 90%

  • You pass the halfway point of your mortgage term - On a 30-year mortgage, for example, PMI must be removed 15 years into the loan. This is true even if the mortgage balance exceeds 78% of the original purchase price of the house.

  • You refinance your mortgage -The last way to get rid of PMI is to refinance your mortgage such that the new loan balance is less than 80% of the home’s current value. This will allow you to avoid paying PMI after the refinancing of the mortgage.

Why Do I Need to Pay for PMI When it is For The Lender’s Benefit?

The reason for this is because the lender is taking on additional risk by lending to you while you’re putting up less money upfront (<20% down payment) and can default on future payments.

However, it is important to understand that it is beneficial for you too because if PMI or insurance was not an option, lenders may not have offered a mortgage for anything less than a 20% down payment, preventing a lot of individuals from becoming homeowners.

PMI also has an additional benefit because lenders can give you a better mortgage rate if you take PMI. The reason for this is because PMI allows lenders to recover a greater portion of their investment as compared to individuals who do not take PMI, allowing them to give you a better rate on your mortgage.

Is PMI Tax Deductible?

PMI is tax-deductible! Just like other forms of mortgage insurance, Pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance can be deducted when you file your income tax return. With the Further Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2020, Congress allowed for deductions until December 31st, 2020. It is also available for 2019 and 2018.

How to Calculate your PMI cost?

In order to use the calculator provided above, you will need to input some of the specifics on the home you are trying to purchase and the mortgage you are applying for. First and foremost, if citi com costco pay bill down payment is 20% or more, you won’t need to pay for private mortgage insurance at all. Next, in order to calculate your monthly mortgage insurance premium, the following will be needed:

Home purchase price – When all other variables stay fixed, the higher the home purchase price, the higher your private mortgage insurance will be. This is because the mortgage insurance rate is multiplied by the loan amount to find your annual mortgage insurance. For the same down payment, a higher home purchase price means that the loan amount will be bigger, and this exposes the lender to more risk, therefore the private mortgage insurance premiums will be higher as well.

Mortgage Insurance Rate – As mentioned above, the mortgage insurance rate is multiplied by the loan amount to find out the premium. A higher mortgage insurance rate means that you will pay a bigger amount on private mortgage insurance.

Down Payment – The down payment you make is deducted from the home purchase price to find out how much financing you will need from the lender. Your private mortgage insurance premiums will be determined based on the amount you borrow.

Example – Calculating PMI

You want to purchase a home that costs $350,000. Since you can only afford to put a 15% down payment, you are required to pay for private mortgage insurance. Your lender notifies you that your mortgage insurance rate will be 0.55%. How much will your monthly PMI premium cost?

1. Down Payment

= 15% * $350,000

= $52,500

2. Loan amount = Home Purchase Price – Down Payment

= $350,000 - $52,500

= $297,500

3. Annual PMI = Loan Amount * Mortgage Insurance Rate

= $297,500 * 0.55%

= $1636.25

4. Monthly PMI

= $1636.25 / 12

= $136.35

You will have to pay approximately $137 each month for PMI.

In order to find out the total PMI premium, the loan interest rate and loan term will be needed. These inputs are used to find out when you will reach an LTV of 80%, so that your PMI can be removed. Depending on the period of time you will have to pay PMI premiums, the Total PMI premium is determined by the PMI calculator.

What Does Private Mortgage Insurance Cover?

When you take out a mortgage and you cannot afford to put a 20% down payment, the lender is at risk. First, since you cannot afford to make a 20% down payment you are viewed as a riskier borrower. Secondly, when the lender has to lend you more money than they would have with the 20% down payment, a greater amount of money is put at greater risk. Therefore, lenders turn to private mortgage insurance companies to assume some of that risk.

The coverage a private mortgage insurance company offers determines what portion of the amount lost the lender will be able to recover in the case that the borrower defaults on their mortgage. For example, if the PMI provider provides 30% pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance, this means that the lender will be paid back by the insurer for 30% of the losses related to the borrower’s default. These losses can include the unpaid principal balance, interest that the lender would otherwise get, and 30% coverage for the lenders’ costs associated with the foreclosure.

For example, imagine that you wish to purchase a $300,000 home with a 5% down payment. The coverage provided by the PMI company is 30%. If you then default on your mortgage while you still owe 90% or $270,000 to the lender, the lender would be able to recover $81,000 from PMI, instead of losing the whole amount. This can help supplement the amount recovered from a foreclosure. PMI would also cover 30% of interest loss and foreclosure costs.

Higher coverage means that the borrower alternatives to fine art america pay higher insurance premiums. When the lender is lending a lot of money to the borrower and there is a high risk of default, the lender can agree to lend if they are protected by a greater insurance coverage. The PMI company will provide this coverage at a higher cost that pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance borrower will have to bear.

Private Mortgage Insurance Companies

MGIC – Mortgage Guaranty Insurance Corporation

MGIC is a subsidiary of MGIC Ally financial dealer services phone number Group and it provides private mortgage insurance to lenders of home mortgages across the U.S. The company offers primary coverage and pool insurance. Primary coverage gives the opportunity to people to become homeowners with less than 20% down payment and protects the lender against default. Pool insurance covers losses that are bigger than claim payments in the case of default. MGIC currently operates in all the states of the U.S., Puerto Rico, and Guam. MGIC is one of pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance largest private mortgage insurance companies which has more than 20% share in the market of PMI providers.

Radian Guaranty Inc.

Radian Guaranty Inc is the primary subsidiary of Radian Group. The subsidiary is in the business of providing private mortgage insurance to lenders and offers various mortgage, real estate, and title services. Radian Guaranty Inc. provides PMI on first-lien mortgage accounts and pool insurance. Currently, Radian works with more than 3,500 residential lenders to make homeownership possible for Americans. Its revenues account for half of the total revenues of its parent company.

Essent Guaranty­­ Inc.

Founded in 2008, Essent Guaranty is headquartered in Pennsylvania and is a subsidiary of Essent Group. To protect home mortgage lenders and mortgage investors, the company offers mortgage insurance and loss management services. The company is approved by Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac and is currently licensed in every state in the U.S. and the District of Columbia.

National Mortgage Insurance Corporation

National MI is another U.S.-based top company that specializes in mortgage insurance and risk protection services for mortgage lenders and investors. The parent company of National MI is NMI Holdings. NMI Holdings ranked 24th in Fortune's list of 100 Fastest-Growing Companies for 2020. Moreover, National MI has been recognized by Fortune in the list of Best Workplaces in Financial Services and Insurance in March 2021.

PMI on FHA Loans

FHA loans are a type of non-conventional loans backed by the Federal Housing Administration in the U.S. FHA loans offer various advantages to conventional loans. For starters, FHA loans have looser financial requirements for borrowers and allow for smaller down payments. Since these are government-backed loans, it means that in the case that the borrower defaults on their payments, the government agency will partially or fully pay the lender for the losses incurred. This is why lenders can assume a bigger risk and offer more favorable requirements. For example, if you have a credit score of at least 580, you can qualify for an FHA loan with only 3.5% down payment. When your credit score is between 500 and 580, you would have to put at least 10% down.

While conventional lenders use PMI, FHA-lenders protect themselves by mortgage insurance premiums (MIP) against borrowers who present a high risk of default. MIP is typically made of an upfront payment of around 1.75% of the loan amount and an annual premium that ranges from 0.45% to 1.05% of the loan amount. That is why MIP often proves to be more expensive than PMI. Key differences between MIP and PMI include:

  • Upfront Premium – As mentioned above, MIP requires the borrower to pay an upfront premium of 1.75%. This premium can either be paid upfront or can be rolled over into the loan balance. If you choose to go with the second option, the higher loan balance will lead to a higher interest expense. PMI, on the other hand, only requires an upfront payment if you are getting Single-premium mortgage insurance or a Split-premium mortgage insurance.

  • Cancelling Mortgage Insurance - The biggest difference between MIP and PMI is that you cannot cancel your mortgage insurance with MIP once you reach 20% equity in your home. If you have initially put at least 10% down, you are required to pay MIP for 11 years of the loan. On the other hand, if you have put a down payment of less than 10%, you are required to pay MIP for the whole life of the loan. The only way that you can stop paying for MIP is if you refinance your loan into a non-FHA loan product.

  • Contribution by Seller – With FHA loans, the seller is permitted to contribute to closing costs up to 6% of the home’s purchase price. This means that the seller can also pay for some or all of the upfront mortgage premium. In conventional loans, sellers are allowed to contribute up to only 3%.

Payment StructureAnnual fee (Except for SPMI and Split-Premium Mortgage Insurance)Upfront Payment + Annual Fee
Mortgage Insurance Rate0.55% - 2.25%Upfront: 1.75% Annually: 0.45% - 1.05%
Down Payment< 20%For all FHA loans, no matter the down payment
Credit scoreHas an impact on the rateDoes not have an impact on the rate
CancelationOnce an LTV ratio of 78% is reachedAfter 11 years – for down payments of at least 10% For the entire loan term – for down payments of less than 10%
LenderPrivate institutionsFHA-approved institutions

Any calculators or content on this page is provided for general information purposes only. Casaplorer does not guarantee the accuracy of information shown and is not responsible for any consequences of its use.


Mortgage Calculator

Use our mortgage calculator to help you estimate your monthly payments and what you can afford. Buying a house is the largest investment of your lifetime, and preparation is key. With our home loan calculator, you can play around with the numbers including the loan amount, down payment, and interest rate to see how different factors affect your payment.

Knowing what you can afford is the first step in buying a home. It puts you well ahead of the competition. You can talk to lenders and understand the numbers they throw at you and know what you're comfortable paying each month.

Buying a home and taking out a mortgage isn't just about the interest rate – it's about the big picture. Use our mortgage calculator to see that big picture so you know what you're getting into since a mortgage is a long-term commitment, sometimes as long as 30 years.


What is a mortgage?

A mortgage is a loan you take out to buy a home. Lenders base your eligibility on your credit score, current debts, money saved, and the home's value. The difference between a mortgage and a standard loan, besides the loan amount, is the collateral. Lenders use your house as collateral. If you default on your payments (usually more than 90 days), they can foreclose on your property. The bank then takes the home and sells it to make back the money lost from you not making your payments.

What is mortgage insurance?

Mortgage insurance is insurance for the lender. Borrowers pay it, but it is for the lender if you default on the loan. Conventional loans require mortgage insurance if you put down less than 20% on the home. You can cancel it once you pay your balance down to 80% of the home's value.

Government loans, including FHA and USDA loans, charge mortgage insurance for the life of the loan, but at a rate lower than conventional loans. Mortgage insurance helps borrowers secure a loan when they don't have great credit or don't have much money to put down on the home.

How to calculate a mortgage payment?

Your mortgage payment includes principal, interest, mortgage insurance, real estate taxes, and homeowner's insurance. The principal is the amount you borrow. The interest is the fee the bank charges. You can figure out the monthly amount by taking the annual interest rate (rate quoted) and dividing it by 12. Multiply that number (your monthly interest rate) by the outstanding principal balance to get your interest charges.

The mortgage payment is the principal (the portion you'll pay) plus the monthly interest, 1/12th of the real estate taxes, 1/12th of the home insurance, and the required mortgage insurance (if applicable).

How much mortgage can I afford?

Lenders determine how much mortgage you can afford based on your income, credit score, and current debts. Each situation is different but in general, lenders allow up to a 43 – 50% debt-to-income ratio. Your mortgage (principal, interest, real estate taxes, home insurance, and mortgage insurance) plus any existing debts, such as credit cards, car loans, or personal loans shouldn't exceed 43% - 50% of your gross monthly income (income before taxes).



A mortgage is a loan you borrow to buy a home. It includes the principal, interest, and required mortgage insurance. Some lenders also require you to include your real estate taxes and home insurance in the payment. You use the mortgage in addition to your down payment to buy a home.

Mortgage Calculator

A mortgage calculator can help you determine how much house you can afford and estimate your payments. It's a great tool to use before you shop for a house or before you refinance. See what your monthly payments would be and how different factors affect it.

Purchase Price

The purchase price is the price you agree to pay for a house with the seller. Whether the seller accepts your first offer or you go back and forth, the purchase price is the final number you agree on and that is written on your sales contract. Lenders use this number as a baseline when determining your mortgage amount.

Down Payment

The down payment is the money you invest in the home. You'll need at least 3.5%, but sometimes more. You base the down payment on the purchase price. For example, if your purchase price is $100,000, a 3.5% down payment would be $3,500 and a 20% down payment would be $20,000.

Interest Rate

The interest rate is the fee the lender charges monthly until you pay the loan in full. They quote you an annual interest rate, but you can figure out the monthly rate by dividing the annual rate by 12. As you pay your principal balance down, you'll pay less interest. You victoria f bachelor drama reality steve check today's mortgage rates on our website.

Mortgage Term

The mortgage term is the time you have to pay the loan back. Most borrowers take out a 30-year or 360-month term, but there are other options including a 10, 15, and 20-year term. The less time you borrow the money, the lower the interest rate a lender will charge.

Start Date

The start date is the date of your first payment. It's not the date you take out the mortgage. You pay interest in arrears, so your first payment will be the month following the month after you close on the loan. For example, a loan closed on January 15 would have its first payment on March 1st.

Property tax

All US counties charge property tax. You can find out the amount by visiting the county assessor's website. The property taxes are a percentage of your home's assessed value. Many mortgage lenders require you to pay your taxes monthly with your mortgage payment to make sure they are paid.

Property insurance

Property insurance is required by lenders. It insures you against financial loss but also protects the lender. If you couldn't afford to renovate the home or build it again after a fire, the lender would have a total loss. Property insurance protects both parties.


PMI stands for Private Mortgage Insurance and only applies to conventional loans. If you put down less than 20% of the purchase price, the lender will require PMI until you owe less than 80% of the home's value. If you default on your loan (for over 90 days), the lender can make a claim with the insurance company, foreclose on your home, and get back a portion of the amount they lost.


Mortgage payment calculator

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Calculate how much your mortgage payment could be each month.

This mortgage payment calculator gives you an estimate.

This mortgage payment calculator provides customized information based on the information you provide. But, it assumes a few things about you. For example, that you’re buying a single-family home as your primary residence. This calculator also makes assumptions about closing costs, lender’s fees and other costs, which can be significant.

Understand your monthly mortgage payment.

Your monthly mortgage payment depends on a number of factors, like purchase price, down payment, interest rate, loan term, property taxes and insurance.

Purchase price

Purchase price refers to the total amount you agree to pay to the property’s seller. This amount is typically different from your loan amount, since most lenders won’t loan you the full amount of a property’s purchase price.

Calculator assumption: single-family home

This mortgage payment calculator assumes that you’re buying a single-family home as your primary residence.

What can you afford?

Our mortgage affordability calculator can give you an idea of your target purchase price. You can make the calculation based on your income or how much you’d like to pay per month.

Calculate your mortgage affordability

Get prequalified.

Are you ready to start taking steps toward a new home? If your answer is yes, get an estimate of what you may be able to borrow in just a few minutes.

Apply for prequalification

Down payment

A down payment is the cash you pay up front when you buy a home. The larger your down payment, the less you’ll need to borrow and pay in interest.

Calculator assumption: 20% down payment

This mortgage payment calculator assumes that you have a 20% down payment, unless you specify otherwise. If you have less than a 20% down payment, you may have to pay private mortgage insurance (PMI), which would increase your monthly mortgage payment.

How much will you put down?

Want to see how much your down payment amount can affect your mortgage over time? Our down payment calculator can give an idea of your ideal down payment.

Calculate your down payment

Start saving for a down payment.

When you’re ready to buy a home, a higher down payment can save you money in the long run. If you plan to buy in the near future, setting money aside now can only help.

Learn to save for a down payment

Reach out to a mortgage loan officer.

If you’re ready to have a conversation about your mortgage options, a professional mortgage loan officer is just a phone call or an email away.

Find a mortgage loan officer

Interest rate

The interest rate is the amount of money your lender charges you for using their money. It’s shown as a percentage of your principal loan amount.

Understand your credit score.

Credit score is a pretty big deal when it comes to buying a home. The higher your credit score, the better your chances are for approval and for better interest rates.

Learn how to build credit

Browse all mortgage products.

U.S. Bank offers loans that meet almost every mortgage need, and our mortgage loan officers are ready to go to work for you.

Compare mortgage products

More tools and calculators

Today’s mortgage rates

Interest rates vary depending on the type of mortgage you choose. See the differences and how they can impact your monthly payment.

Compare mortgage rates

Fixed-rate mortgage calculator

Fixed-rate loans offer a consistent rate and monthly payment over the life of the loan. They typically have 10- 15- 20- or 30-year loan terms, but other terms may be available.

Calculate a fixed-rate monthly payment

Adjustable-rate mortgage calculator

Adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM) loans often feature lower rates and monthly payments during their initial rate period, but rates can change once the initial rate period expires.

Calculate an ARM monthly payment


Mortgage Calculator

Mortgage Calculator Results Explained

You’ll need to provide a few numbers to get the most accurate estimates:

  • Home price: How much you’ll pay for your new home.
  • Down payment: How much you’re paying upfront toward the cost of the home. We have it set to 20% of the home’s price as a default, because anything less might mean paying additional costs in private mortgage insurance (PMI).
  • Loan term: How long you’ll be paying off your loan. A 30-year mortgage is common (and is the default here), but other terms are also available.
  • APR: This is the financing cost of the loan that you’ll pay over time with each monthly payment, expressed as a percentage (annual percentage rate, to be specific). 
  • Property taxes: How much you’ll owe pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance government in property taxes. Our calculator’s default is on the high end of what you might pay, but you can get a more accurate estimate by finding out the specific rate for your potential property. 
  • Homeowners insurance: Lenders require that you purchase homeowners insurance, and we have it set to the typical cost. Again, you can get a better estimate by entering a more accurate number for your situation, if you know it. (It’s worth getting a couple quotes.)
  • HOA fees: If your home is a part of a homeowners association (HOA), you may have to pay an additional monthly fee. 

Once you’ve provided these numbers, you’ll get a few numbers in return:

  • Mortgage size: This is the total amount you’re financing, including the purchase price of the home (minus any down payment) and sometimes closing costs or other fees. 
  • Mortgage interest: This is how much it’ll cost you over time to borrow this amount of money. In other words, this is how much the lender will charge as payment for giving you the mortgage. 
  • Total mortgage paid: This is how much you’ll pay back to the lender in total (the amount you borrowed plus the interest that will accumulate). 
  • Estimated monthly payment: This is how much you’ll pay to your lender each month. 

What Costs Are Included in a Monthly Mortgage Payment? 

Your lender will split your monthly payment into three separate elements:

  • Principal: This portion goes toward paying down your mortgage balance—the original amount you borrowed. 
  • Interest: This portion goes into the lender’s pocket. It’s their fee for lending you the money. 
  • Escrow: This goes into a “holding fund” (an escrow account) that your lender or mortgage servicer uses to pay your property taxes and homeowners insurance. They use this holding fund to make sure these crucial bills get paid. Once your mortgage is paid off, you’ll have to pay your property taxes and homeowners insurance on your own. 

The above costs are included in every person’s monthly mortgage payment. But depending on your situation, you may also need to budget for these fees:

  • PMI: If you make a down payment of less than 20% with a conventional mortgage, you’ll need to pay an additional payment for private mortgage insurance. Certain other loans, like FHA or USDA loans, also require a similar monthly payment (mortgage insurance premium, or MIP) regardless of the size of your down payment. These costs will usually be added to your monthly mortgage payment.
  • HOA fees: As noted above, if your new home is within a homeowners association (HOA), condominium, or co-op, you’ll need to pay its fees either monthly or quarterly. Often, this cost won’t be included in your mortgage payment, and you’ll need to pay it on your own. 

How Can I Calculate My Monthly Mortgage Payment?

The easiest way to calculate your monthly payment is to use a mortgage calculator like ours. But if you’d like to do it by hand to check the math, here’s the formula for the principal and interest portion of your monthly payment:

M = P[i(1+i)n]/[(1+i)n-1]


M = Monthly mortgage payment (principal plus interest)

P = Principal (i.e., the amount of the loan)

i = Your monthly interest rate (Your lender likely lists it as an annual percentage rate (APR), so to find the monthly interest rate, divide the APR by 12.)

n = How many payments you’ll make over the life of the loan (For a 30-year mortgage, that’s 360 payments: 30 years x 12 months per year.)

From here, you can find out your total monthly payment by adding in any other fees, including the monthly payment amount for taxes and insurance (find their annual costs and divide by 12), HOA or condo fees, and/or PMI. 

What Is the Average Interest Rate on a Mortgage?

The average interest rate on a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage was 2.67% APR on Dec. 17, 2020. That’s the lowest average rate since at least 1971, the Federal Reserve’s earliest published rate. Mortgage rates have been falling more or less steadily since 1981, when average mortgage rates topped out at over 18% APR. 

How Much House Can I Afford?

Asking yourself this question involves thinking about more than just what you can pay each month based on your income. 

If you’re not careful in your planning, you could easily find yourself in a situation where your monthly payments eat up most of your income. When you’re “house poor,” it’s a lot harder to make progress toward your other financial goals or afford your home’s upkeep. 

Here’s what we recommend.

Before you start looking at real estate listings, sit down and make a detailed monthly budget to identify a reasonable number for your total housing-related costs. Remember to include any other savings goals, such as retirement or your kid’s education. Many people recommend keeping housing expenses to 30% or less of your income. 

Next, figure out how much home maintenance and repairs might cost you. These costs won’t be included in your monthly payment, but it’s a good idea to set a certain amount aside each month in a high-yield savings account. That way, you’ll be able to afford repairs and even upgrades when they’re needed. One common recommendation—the 1% rule—advises setting aside 1% of the home’s value for annual maintenance and repairs. For a $300,000 home, that’s $3,000, or $250 per month.  

Finally, deduct the monthly maintenance amount from the amount you budgeted for housing costs. The amount left over is what you can reasonably afford to pay as a monthly mortgage payment.  

How Can a Mortgage Calculator Help Me?

Knowing how much you can reasonably afford to pay toward your mortgage each month is only one part of the financial picture. 

By using a calculator, you can play around with different variables to see what effect each one has on both your monthly payment and how much interest you pay over time. The goal is to minimize the total amount of interest you’ll pay over the life of the loan, while keeping the mortgage payment at an amount you can comfortably afford each month. 

For example, how much does a 0.05 percentage-point change in mortgage interest rates affect your monthly payment? What about the total amount of interest you’ll pay? Can you fit the monthly payments for a 15-year mortgage into your budget, which will let you own your home outright in half the original time frame?

How Can I Choose the Best Mortgage?

Your mortgage rate has a big effect on how much you’ll pay over time for the loan. Some lenders will offer lower rates than others, so it can pay off big-time to shop around with different mortgage lenders. 

For example, the difference between 4.5% APR and 3.5% APR on a 30-year, $500,000 mortgage is a whopping $103,753 in interest. Even small changes in interest rates add up to a lot of money over the course of 30 years.  

Some people prefer to work with certain lenders, such as credit unions or banks. However, for most people, the main consideration is how low your interest rate will be. Remember, it’s common for lenders to sell your loan to a different lender or at least assign you to a mortgage servicer. This means that even if you choose a particular lender, you may wind up working with another company at the end of the day. 


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This calculator is for general education purposes only and is not an illustration of current Navy Federal products and offers.

To Compare Loan Types

Use our calculator to compare different types of mortgages and loan terms to decide which one works best for you. For example, a 30-year mortgage typically has a lower monthly payment, but adjusting to a 15-year term can save you money in the long run.

To Plan for Your Down Payment

Decide how much money you should put down so your monthly payment is affordable for your budget. If you don't have a down payment saved up, most of our mortgages have options that don't require one.1

To Decide How Much Home You Can Afford

Our calculator can help you determine an affordable home price for you, taking into account your other debts (such as auto or student loans), monthly expenses (like utilities) and the size of your down payment (if any).

To Consider Other Home-Buying Finances

From mortgage closing costs to a reserve fund for home repairs, there are other expenses associated with buying a home.


Product features subject to approval. 100% financing loans may include an additional funding fee, which may be financed up to the maximum loan amount. Available for purchase loans only.


>Related:How to buy a house with pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance down: First-time home buyer

How to use this mortgage calculator

This mortgage payment calculator will help you find the cost of homeownership at today’s mortgage rates, accounting for principal, interest, taxes, homeowners insurance, and, where applicable, homeowners association fees.

You should adjust the default values of the mortgage calculator, including mortgage rate and length of loan, to reflect your current situation.

You can use the mortgage payment calculator in three ways:

  1. To find the monthly mortgage payment on a home, given current mortgage rates and a specific home purchase price
  2. To find out how much house you can afford based on your annual household income
  3. To find out how much house you can afford based on your monthly budget

Do I qualify for a mortgage?

A mortgage calculator can be helpful when estimating your home buying budget. But remember — even if you can afford the monthly payments, you still need to qualify for a home loan.

To see if you qualify for a mortgage, a lender will check your:

  • Credit score: Borrowers with higher credit scores tend to have more loan options. But mortgages are secured loans, which means you don’t always need stellar credit to qualify. Some lenders can approve FHA loans for borrowers with FICO scores as low as 580
  • Loan-to-value ratio (LTV): LTV measures your loan amount against your new home’s value. For example, borrowing $200,000 to buy a $200,000 home equals 100% LTV. Lenders can offer VA or USDA loans at 100% LTV, but not everyone is eligible for these programs. FHA loans can’t exceed 96.5% LTV, which leaves 3.5% as the minimum down payment. Conventional loans can reach 97% LTV, meaning they allow a 3% down payment
  • Home appraisal: A home appraisal identifies the home’s value. Lenders won’t approve loan amounts that exceed the home’s value, regardless of the home’s listing price or agreed-upon purchase price
  • Personal finances: Lenders must verify your income to make sure you can afford the loan payments. They’ll check W-2s, bank statements, and employment records. If you’re self-employed, a lender will likely ask to see tax records

You midland states bank routing number rockford il ask for a mortgage pre-approval or a prequalification to see your loan options and ‘real’ budget based on your personal finances.

You could also track your credit score using free apps, but remember that the scores in free apps tend to be estimates. They often come in higher than your actual FICO. Only a lender can tell you for sure whether you’re mortgage eligible.

Mortgage calculator definitions

Buying a home involves more than just a down payment. Your total mortgage costs include repaying the home loan with principal and interest, plus paying for monthly fees like property taxes and home insurance.

As you experiment with the mortgage calculator, be sure you understand each term so you can enter accurate data and get precise answers.

Home price

Home price is the dollar amount needed to buy the home. Your home price may turn out to be the different from the listing price once you and the seller have pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance negotiations and put the final price down in a purchase contract.

Interest rate

Your interest rate determines how much money you will repay the bank for your mortgage. Though paid monthly, interest rates are expressed in annual terms.

  • With a fixed-rate mortgage, your mortgage interest rate will remain unchanged for the life of the loan. This means your monthly payments will stay the same, too
  • With an adjustable-rate mortgage, your interest rate may change after a fixed number of years. If your interest rate adjusts, so will your mortgage payments

When using this home mortgage calculator, you can use today’s average mortgage rate for “interest rate.” Lower interest rates mean you’re paying less each month and over the life of the loan.

Length of the loan

Sometimes known as “loan term,” the length of the loan is the number of years until your home loan is paid in-full. Most mortgages have a loan term of 30 years. Since 2010, 20-year and 15-year fixed rate mortgages have grown more common.

The monthly cost of a mortgage is higher with a shorter-term loan, but less mortgage interest is paid over time. Homeowners with a 15-year mortgage will pay approximately 65% less mortgage interest as compared to a homeowner with a 30-year loan.

However, a shorter mortgage term requires higher monthly payments since the total amount repaid is spread across a shorter length of time.

Down payment

A down payment is the amount of your own money you pay upfront to buy a new home. Your down payment, combined with the loan amount, will cover the entire purchase price.

A down payment can become immediate equity. For example, if you are buying a home for $100,000 and you make a $5,000 down payment, you will own $5,000 equity (5%) in your new home even before making the first monthly payment.

Some mortgage programs, such as the conventional 97 and FHA loans, allow low down payments of 3-3.5%. Others, including the VA loan and USDA loan, require no down payment whatsoever.

Keep in mind, your down payment amount is not the only cash required at closing. You should be sure to budget for closing costs and other upfront pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance as well.

Most areas have down payment assistance programs to help borrowers come up with the cash to purchase their own homes. Conventional and FHA loans allow borrowers to use down payment money given by a close friend or relative.

Homeowners insurance

Homeowners insurance protects your home against minor, major, and catastrophic loss. All homeowners are required to carry this protection, which is sometimes called “hazard insurance.”

Laws vary by state but, as a general rule, your homeowners insurance policy must be big enough to cover the cost of rebuilding your home as-is. Homeowners insurance costs vary by ZIP code and insurer.

Homeowners insurance should not be confused with private mortgage insurance, which is something else entirely.

Along with property taxes, homeowners insurance can be paid in equal installments along with your monthly mortgage payment. This arrangement is known as “escrowing” your taxes and insurance.

Property taxes

Property taxes are taxes assessed on a home, and paid to your state, city, and/or local government(s). Property taxes can range in cost from 0.5% of your home’s value, to 2% of its value or more on an annual basis.

Sometimes called “real estate taxes,” property taxes are typically billed twice annually. Along with homeowners insurance, property taxes can be paid in equal installments along with your monthly mortgage payment. This arrangement is known as “escrowing” your taxes and insurance.

Escrow account

‘Escrow‘ isn’t a term isn’t on the calculator, but it’ll appear in more than one phase of your home buying process.

Before you close, an escrow company will shuttle money between different parties.

For example, your earnest money — which tells the buyer you’re making a genuine offer — will likely go into escrow. It will be held there until closing, at which time it’s applied to your down payment.

After you close, your mortgage loan servicer will deposit part of your total monthly payment into another escrow account.

With each payment, this account’s balance will grow. When your property tax or home insurance bills come due, the lender will pay them out of escrow.

If you’d like to know how every dollar of your total monthly payment gets allocated, ask your loan officer for a payment breakdown.

Homeowners Association (HOA) dues

Homeowners Association dues (also called HOA fees) are typically paid by condominium owners and homeowners in a planned urban development (PUD) or townhome.

HOA dues are paid monthly, semi-annually, or annually. They are paid separately to a management company or governing body for the association.

HOA fees cover common services for tenants and residents. These services may include landscaping, elevator maintenance, maintenance and upkeep of common areas such as pools and recreation areas, and legal costs.

Homeowners association dues vary by building and neighborhood.

Mortgage insurance (PMI)

Mortgage insurance is a monthly fee paid by the homeowner for the benefit of the lender.

Mortgage insurance “pays out” when a loan goes into default, and it’s designed to protect mortgage lenders from taking losses on defaulted loans.

Mortgage insurance is required for conventional loans via Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac when the down payment is less than 20%. This type of mortgage insurance is known as private mortgage insurance (PMI).

Other loan types require mortgage insurance, too, including USDA loans and FHA loans. With FHA loans, mortgage insurance is called mortgage insurance premium (MIP).

Conventional PMI will be canceled once the homeowner has at least 20% equity. FHA mortgage insurance typically lasts the life of the loan, unless the buyer makes a down payment of 10% or more.

Annual income

Annual income is the amount of documented income you earn each year. Income can be earned in many forms including W-2 income, 1099 income, K-1 distributions, Social Security income, pension income, and child support and alimony.

Non-reported income cannot be used for qualifying purposes on a mortgage. When using the home loan calculator, enter your pre-tax income.

Monthly debts

Monthly debts are your recurring payments, due monthly. Monthly debts may include auto leases, auto loans, student loans, child support and alimony payments, installment loans, and credit card payments.

Note, though, that your monthly obligation on a credit card is its minimum payment due and not your total balance owed. For credit cards with no minimum payment due, use 5% of your balance owed as your minimum payment due.

Debt-To-Income ratio

Debt-to-Income Ratio (DTI) is a lender term used to determine home affordability. The ratio is pmi mortgage calculator with pmi tax and insurance by dividing the sum of your monthly debts by your verifiable monthly income.

In general, mortgage approvals require a debt-to-income of 45% or less, although lenders will sometimes allow for an exception.

Note that carrying a DTI of 45% may not be advisable. A high DTI commits much of your household income to housing payments.

Monthly payment

Your total monthly payment is your monthly obligation on your home. This includes your mortgage payment, property taxes, and home insurance — plus homeowners association dues (HOA) — where applicable.

Your monthly payment will change over time as its components change. Your real estate tax bill will change annually, as will the premium on your homeowners insurance policy, for example.

Homeowners with an adjustable-rate mortgage can expect their mortgage payment to change, too, after the loan’s initial fixed period ends.


Amortization is the schedule by which a mortgage loan is repaid to a bank. Amortization schedules vary by loan term. A 30-year mortgage will repay at a different pace than a 15-year or 20-year mortgage.

Early in the repayment period, your monthly loan payments will include more interest. As time passes, each month’s payment will include a little more principal and a little less interest.

By the end of the repayment period, you’re paying mostly loan principal and very little interest.


Your loan principal is the amount borrowed from the bank. A portion of the principal is repaid to the bank each month as part of the overall mortgage payment.

The percentage of principal in each payment increases monthly until the loan is paid in full, which may be in 15 years, 20 years, or 30 years.

Paying principal each month increases your home equity, assuming your home’s value is unchanged. If your home’s value drops, your equity percentage will decrease in spite of reducing your loan’s balance.

Similarly, if your home’s value rises, your equity percentage will increase by an amount greater than what you’ve paid in principal.


Interest is the money you pay the bank for the privilege of using the lender’s money to buy your home. Interest is paid monthly until the loan is paid off in full.

The portion of interest paid to the bank kohls pay bill number month decreases according to your loan’s amortization schedule. Your mortgage interest paid over the life of your loan is based on your loan term and your mortgage interest rate.

Loan estimate

Federal law requires mortgage lenders to show you a three-page ‘Loan Estimate’ after you apply for a mortgage loan.

The Loan Estimate (LE) shows your total mortgage costs — including the down payment, closing costs, monthly payments, and interest paid over the life of the loan.

All LEs are in a standard format, making it easy for you to compare loan offers side by side and find the best deal.

The loan calculator above can also estimate your long-term interest costs. Click the “view full report” button to see the estimate.

Check your mortgage eligibility

Using a mortgage calculator is a good way to get an idea of how much house you can afford. But only a lender can verify your mortgage eligibility and your home buying budget.

Check today’s rates to see what you might qualify for and how much house you can truly afford.

Verify your new rate (Dec 5th, 2021)


Free mortgage loan calculator

Important: Rate, points and APR may vary based on several factors including, but not limited to, state of property location, loan amount, documentation type, loan type, occupancy type, property type, loan to value and your credit score. Your final rate and points may be higher or lower than those quoted based on information relating to these factors, which may be determined after you apply. Rates shown are not available in all states. To get a custom quote based on your specific situation, contact a Chase Home Lending Advisor.

The annual percentage rate (APR), is the cost of credit over the term of the loan expressed as an annual rate. The APR shown here is based on the interest rate and any points. It does not take into account the processing fee or any other loan specific finance charges you may be required to pay.

This tool assumes that private mortgage insurance (PMI), is required if you are making a down payment of less than 20 percent of the home's purchase merrimack county savings bank jobs. The purpose of the insurance is to protect the lender if you default on the note. PMI typically costs between 0.5% and 1% of the entire loan amount on an annual basis. The cost varies based on the loan type (fixed rate or adjustable rate), loan term, and loan-to-value ratio. FHA, VA and jumbo loans are different. Results shown are estimates only. Speak with a Chase Home Lending Advisor for more specific information.

Rates shown include approximately 1 point.  Payments shown do not include amounts for taxes and insurance. Your actual rate, payment and costs could be higher. Get an official Loan Estimate before choosing a loan.

For the Adjustable-Rate Mortgage (ARM) product, interest is fixed for a set period of time, and adjusts periodically thereafter. At the end of the fixed-rate period, the interest and payments may increase. The APR may increase after the loan consummation. Interest only loans may be available depending on your credit profile and provide for the payment of interest only for a set period of time, and payments of principal and interest thereafter. While making interest only payments, principal is not reduced. At the end of this period your monthly payment will increase, possibly substantially, because you will be required to pay down the outstanding principal. Always consider paying more than the minimum payment to pay down the principal.


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